Roxana Saberi And Detained Diplomats
In April 2009, Iranian-American journalist Roxana Saberi was sentenced to eight years in prison after being convicted of spying for the United States. She was accused of possessing a classified document but denied the charge. After spending four months in prison, she was released in May, and the charge was dropped.
On July 9, 2009, the United States released five Iranian diplomats , who had been held since January 2007. Some analysts believe this was a part of hostage exchange deal between the countries. The US State Department said the release was not part of a deal with Iran but was necessary under an American-Iraqi security pact.
Kaveh Lotfolah Afrasiabi was arrested in early 2021 by the FBI and charged with “acting and conspiring to act as an unregistered agent of Iran”. According to federal authorities, Afrasiabi is accused of lobbying and working secretively for the Iranian government.
Origins In The American Revolution And Early Republic
In the early months of the American Revolution, the first regular U.S. fighting force, the Continental Army, was organized by the Second Continental Congress on June 14, 1775. It comprised the 22,000 militia troops then besieging Boston and an additional 5,000 militiamen in New York. It was placed under the control of a five-member civilian board, and U.S. military forces have remained in civilian control ever since. George Washington formally took command of these colonial troops on July 3, 1775, and soon discovered that the militiamen were largely accustomed to going home whenever a particular danger was past. In January 1776 the Continental Congress partially responded to Washingtons urgent appeals by establishing a single standing force directly raised from all of the colonies, distinct from the several colonial militias. These Continentals were enlisted for longer terms and were trained more thoroughly than the militias they provided Washington with a small but stable nucleus with which to work and proved to be his chief reliance in the dark hours of the war. They were the beginning of the regular army.
General George Washington Resigning His Commission
The History And Roles Of The Us Army
The Second Continental Congress founded the Army in 1775 it is the oldest service of the United States military. Originally formed to protect the freedom of the first 13 colonies, the Army has evolved and grown from this small militia force into the world’s premier fighting force.
The Army exists to serve the American people, defend the nation, protect vital national interests and fulfill national military responsibilities. Our mission is enduring: to provide necessary forces and capabilities to the combatant commanders in support of the national security and defense strategies.
The Army recruits, organizes, trains and equips soldiers who, as vital members of their units and the joint team, conduct prompt, sustained combat and stability operations on land. The Army also is charged with providing logistics and support to enable the other services to accomplish their missions, and supporting civil authorities in time of emergency, when directed.
The Army continues to provide combatant commanders with a wide range of forces and capabilities to prevail in the war on terror, sustain our global commitments and build effective multinational coalitions. In addition to supporting the Global War on Terrorism, the Army also assists with:
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Military Service Citizenship Requirement
To enlist in any branch of the U.S. military, you must either be a U.S. citizen, or a legal permanent resident with a green card physically living in the United States. For enlistment purposes, citizens of the United States include citizens of Guam, Puerto Rico, the U.S. Virgin Islands, the Northern Marianas Islands, American Samoa, the Federated States of Micronesia, and the Republic of the Marshall Islands, as well as the 50 states.
Lebanon Crisis Of 1958
On 28 April 1965, 400 Marines were landed in Santo Domingo to evacuate the American Embassy and foreign nationals after dissident Dominican armed forces attempted to overthrow the ruling civilian junta. By mid-May, peak strength of 23,850 U.S. soldiers, Marines, and Airmen were in the Dominican Republic and some 38 naval ships were positioned offshore. They evacuated nearly 6,500 men, women, and children of 46 nations, and distributed more than 8 million tons of food.
The intervention cost the U.S. 27 KIA and 172 WIA. Another 20 Americans died from non-hostile causes 111 were seriously injured. Ten of the KIA were Marines 13 were from the 82nd Airborne. Among the 2,850 Dominican dead were 325 National Police officers and 500 members of the armed forces. An estimated 600 rebels were killed. Civilians accounted for the remainder.
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Serving As A Single Parent
For the most part, single parents cannot enlist in the active military unless they relinquish custody of their child, or receive a waiver. The Navy requires a waiver for any applicant with more than one dependent, including a spouse. Marines require a waiver for applicants with any dependent under 18, and the Air Force will conduct a financial eligibility determination for applicants with any dependents. The Army requires a waiver when an applicant has two or more dependents in addition to a spouse.
You Have To Go Out But You Don’t Have To Come Back
This unofficial motto of the Coast Guard dates to an 1899 United States Lifesaving Service regulation, which states in part: “In attempting a rescue, … he will not desist from his efforts until by actual trial, the impossibility of effecting a rescue is demonstrated. The statement of the keeper that he did not try to use the boat because the sea or surf was too heavy will not be accepted, unless attempts to launch it were actually made and failed.”
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Sanctions Against Iranian Institutions
Pushing for international sanctions against Iran because of its nuclear program, the United States accused Iran of providing logistical and financial support to Shi’a militias in Iraq. Iran denied this claim. The American government imposed sanctions on an Iranian bank on September 8, 2006, barring it from direct or indirect dealings with American financial institutions. The move against Bank Saderat Iran was announced by the undersecretary for treasury, who accused the bank of transferring funds for terrorist groups, including $50,000,000 to Hezbollah. While Iranian financial institutions are barred from directly accessing the American financial system, they are permitted to do so indirectly through banks in other countries. He said the United States government would also persuade European financial institutions not to deal with Iran.
Prepare The Army For Anything
After long, difficult wars in Afghanistan and Iraq, some critics have argued that the entire notion of attempting to prepare U.S. ground forces for complex missions beyond conventional combat is a fruitless or even counterproductive exercise. Reprising the armys attitude in the wake of the Vietnam War, when it eschewed counterinsurgency and focused instead on high-end maneuver warfare and the NATOWarsaw Pact face-off, they favor developing a force with a more limited orientation. The Obama administrations 2012 Defense Strategic Guidance report, for example, stated that although U.S. forces would retain and continue to refine the lessons learned, expertise, and specialized capabilities that have been developed over the past ten years of counterinsurgency and stability operations in Iraq and Afghanistan, they would no longer be sized to conduct large-scale, prolonged stability operations. Partly as a result of this logic, todays active-duty U.S. Army has been cut by almost 100,000 in recent years, to 470,000 soldiers. That is fewer than the number fielded in the mid- to late 1990s. Under current plans, moreover, the army would decline further, to 450,000 by 2018, and some key Pentagon officials have advocated cuts to 400,000 or below.
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What Are The Military Services
The organizational structure of the U.S. military is complex. The Department of Defense has three military departmentsArmy, Navy, and Air Forcebut there are six armed services. The Army is organized within its own department, while the navy and Marine Corps both fall under the Department of the Navy, and the Air Force and the newly established Space Force are services within the Department of the Air Force.
The Coast Guard is by law a military service and a branch of the armed forces but is part of the Department of Homeland Security. That is because the coast guard is predominately a law enforcement agency, although it does deploy with the navy and marine corps on certain missions. Collectively, the three maritime forces are sometimes called the sea services.
Uscg Chief Petty Officers Association
Members of this organization unite to assist members and dependents in need, assist with Coast Guard recruiting efforts, support the aims and goals of the Coast Guard Chief Petty Officers Academy, keep informed on Coast Guard matters, and assemble for social amenities and include Chief, Senior Chief, and Master Chief Petty Officers, active, reserve and retired. Membership is also open to all Chief Warrant Officers and Officers who have served as a Chief Petty Officer.
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Air Force: Newest Branch
The Air Force is the youngest military service. Prior to 1947, the Air Force was a separate Corps of the Army. The primary mission of the Army Air Corps was to support Army ground forces. However, World War II showed that air power had much more potential than simply supporting ground troops, so the Air Force was established as a separate service.
The primary mission of the Air Force is to defend the U.S. and its interests via air and space. It operates fighter aircraft, tanker aircraft, light and heavy bomber aircraft, transport aircraft, and helicopters. The Air Force is also responsible for all military satellites and controls strategic nuclear ballistic missiles. Like the Army, the active duty Air Force is supplemented by the Air Force Reserves and the Air National Guard.
President Of The United States
|President of the|
The president of the United States is the and of the . The president directs the of the and is the of the .
The power of the presidency has grown substantially since its formation, as has the power of the federal government as a whole. While presidential power has ebbed and flowed over time, the presidency has played an increasingly strong role in American political life since the beginning of the 20th century, with a notable expansion during the presidency of . In contemporary times, the president is also looked upon as one of the world’s most powerful political figures as the leader of the only remaining global . As the leader of the nation with the , the president possesses significant domestic and international and .
establishes the executive branch of the federal government and vests the executive power in the president. The power includes the execution and enforcement of federal law and the responsibility to appoint federal executive, diplomatic, regulatory, and judicial officers. Based on constitutional provisions empowering the president to appoint and receive ambassadors and conclude treaties with foreign powers, and on subsequent laws enacted by Congress, the modern presidency has primary responsibility for conducting U.S. foreign policy. The role includes responsibility for directing the world’s , which has the .
is the 46th and current president of the United States, having on January 20, 2021.
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Juridical Powers And Privileges
The president has the power to nominate , including members of the and the . However, these nominations require before they may take office. Securing Senate approval can provide a major obstacle for presidents who wish to orient the federal judiciary toward a particular ideological stance. When nominating judges to , presidents often respect the long-standing tradition of . Presidents may also grant and . pardoned a month after taking office. Presidents often grant pardons shortly before leaving office, like when pardoned on his last day in office this is often .
The allows the president and the executive branch to withhold information or documents from in legal proceedings if such release would harm . Precedent for the privilege arose early in the 19th century when refused to release military documents in the trial of and again in 105, when the Supreme Court dismissed a case brought by a former Union spy. However, the privilege was not formally recognized by the U.S. Supreme Court until1, where it was held to be a privilege. Before the , use of the privilege had been rare, but increasing in frequency. Since 2001, the government has asserted the privilege in more cases and at earlier stages of the litigation, thus in some instances causing dismissal of the suits before reaching the merits of the claims, as in the ‘s ruling in Critics of the privilege claim its use has become a tool for the government to cover up illegal or embarrassing government actions.
Coast Guard Cw Operators Association
The Coast Guard CW Operators Association is a membership organization comprising primarily former members of the United States Coast Guard who held the enlisted rating of Radioman or Telecommunications Specialist , and who employed International Morse Code in their routine communications duties on Coast Guard cutters and at shore stations.
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Comparison With Other Countries
The United States spends more on national defense than China, India, Russia, Saudi Arabia, France, Germany, United Kingdom, Japan, South Korea, and Brazil combined. The 2018 U.S. military budget accounts for approximately 36% of global arms spending . The 2018 budget is approximately 2.5 times larger than the $250 billion military budget of China. The United States and its close allies are responsible for two-thirds to three-quarters of the world’s military spending . The US also maintains the largest number of military bases on foreign soil across the world. While there are no freestanding foreign bases permanently located in the United States, there are now around 800 U.S. bases in foreign countries. Military spending makes up nearly 16% of entire federal spending and approximately half of discretionary spending. In a general sense discretionary spending makes up one-third of the annual federal budget.
In 2015, out of its budget of 3.97 trillion, the United States spent $637 billion on military.
In 2016, the United States spent 3.29% of its GDP on its military , more than France’s 2.26% and less than Saudi Arabia‘s 9.85%. This is historically low for the United States since it peaked in 1944 at 37.8% of GDP . Even during the peak of the Vietnam War the percentage reached a high of 9.4% in 1968.
The US Military’s budget has plateaued in 2009, but is still considerably larger than any other military power.
Prime Minister Mossadeq And His Overthrow
In 1953, the government of prime minister Mohammed Mossadeq was overthrown in a coup organized by the CIA and MI6. Many liberal Iranians believe that the coup and the subsequent U.S. support for the shah proved largely responsible for his arbitrary rule, which led to the “deeply anti-American character” of the 1979 revolution.
Until the outbreak of World War II, the United States had no active policy toward Iran. When the Cold War began, the United States was alarmed by the attempt by the Soviet Union to set up separatist states in Iranian Azerbaijan and Kurdistan, as well as its demand for military rights to the Dardanelles in 1946. This fear was enhanced by the loss of China to communism, the uncovering of Soviet spy rings, and the start of the Korean War.
U.S. President Harry S. Truman pressed Britain to moderate its position in the negotiations and to not invade Iran. American policies created a feeling in Iran that the United States was on Mossadeq’s side and optimism that the oil dispute would soon be settled with “a series of innovative proposals to settle” the dispute, giving Iran “significant amounts of economic aid”. Mossadeq visited Washington, and the American government made “frequent statements expressing support for him.”
1953 Iranian coup d’état
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West Point Garrison And Stewart Army Subpost
As an active-duty U.S. Army installation, there are several regular Army units that provide support for the USMA and the West Point installation. The U.S. Army Garrison includes a Headquarters and Headquarters Company, Provost Marshal and Military Police, Religious Program Support, Keller Army Community Hospital, the West Point Dental Activity, the USMA Band , and the Directorate of Human Resources . The DHR is the higher headquarters for: Military Personnel Division , Army Continuing Education System , Administrative Services Division and the Army Substance Abuse Program .
The 1st Battalion, 1st Infantry Regiment and the 2d Army Aviation Detachment, both stationed on nearby Stewart Army Subpost, provide military training and aviation support to the USMA and the West Point Garrison. Additionally, active duty Army support, such as recent field artillery training conducted at Camp Buckner in July 2017, is sometimes provided by the 10th Mountain Division, based at Fort Drum, NY.