NewsWhat Is The Army Reserve

What Is The Army Reserve


What Is An Army Reserve Career Really Like

What Is The Army Reserves? | The Basics

By | Submitted On September 28, 2009

The Army Reserve has a long and respected history. Formed near the beginning of the last century, originally Army jobs in the reserves were limited to officers. After the first World War, however, it was changed to include enlisted men and women as well.

So What Does It Mean to be in the Army Reserve?

Soldiers in the Army Reserve provide their service on a part-time rather than a full-time basis. When not on active duty, soldiers typically serve one weekend per month, and two full weeks during the year for annual training.

The Reserve requires an eight-year service commitment and usually includes a period of active service in the regular Army and the remainder of the eight years to be served in the Reserves. There are some soldiers who choose to serve the entire term in the Army Reserve however.

What Kinds of Army Jobs Do Reservists Do?

Army careers are varied, and the opportunities for reservists are vast. The Army Reserve has soldiers in chemical brigades, judge advocate units, medical groups, railway units, water supply battalions, psychological operations units, and public affairs units. And these are but a sample of what the reserves have to offer!

The Army Reservistst Create a Safer World For All

Army Active Duty Vs Army Reserves

There is not one option that is better than the other. It merely comes down to what your needs and goals are.

If you are looking to pursue your education on a full-time basis and want to stay close to family, then the reserves may be the best option for you.

If you are looking to travel overseas and looking for a full-time career, then enlisting active-duty Army would be the best option for you.

As always, it is best to do as much research as possible when looking through which opportunities in the Army and the other military branches. Talk to as many service members and veterans as possible. Dont forget, your recruiter is an excellent resource for you. Theyll be able to see which lifestyle will help you achieve what you are looking for in your service.

United States Army Reserve

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Seal of the U.S. Army Reserve
Founded23 April 1908 113 years ago
188,703 reserve members
Part of
Assistant Chief of Army ReserveMr. Stephen D. Austin
Major General Michael C. O’Guinn
Command Chief Warrant Officer
Command Sergeant Major Andrew J. Lombardo

The United States Army Reserve is a reserve force of the United States Army. Together, the Army Reserve and the Army National Guard constitute the Army element of the reserve components of the United States Armed Forces.

Since July 2020, the Chief of the United States Army Reserve is Lieutenant GeneralJody J. Daniels. The senior enlisted leader of the Army Reserve is Command Sergeant Major Andrew J. Lombardo. Since March 31, 2021, the command chief warrant officer of the Army Reserve has been Chief Warrant Officer 5 Patrick R. Nelligan.

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What Are Their Responsibilities

Army Reserves can be deployed as whole units and are known for quick mobilization.

Their vision is, The most capable, combat-ready, and lethal Federal Reserve force in the history of the Nation.

The Army Reserves provides the critical early entry and set the theater capabilities that are crucial to the nations defense and opening of major operations.

The Army reserve accounts for almost half of the Armys total maneuver support and ultimately saves money.

Having part-time members who are fully skilled, capable and ready to deploy, cuts back on the need for active full-time employees and provides the ability to fill in gaps when needed, without being over-staffed.

What Do The Army Reserves Do


The Army Reserve has two clearly defined roles. Firstly, it provides highly trained soldiers who can work alongside the Regulars on missions in the UK and overseas. Secondly, it gives people who have specialist skills, like medics and engineers, a range of exciting opportunities to use them in new ways.

Over the next few years the role of the Army Reserve will be expanded and they will work even more closely with the rest of the Army. This means that there will be more opportunities for people who want to enjoy the challenges that come with being a Reservist.

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How Do I Join The National Guard Or Military Reserves

The first step is to contact a recruiter. Your recruiter will explain the process and available opportunities. Speaking with recruiters from different branches can help you get an idea of which branch you would like to join. You can also find out more information at the recruiting websites for each branch:

The process could go quickly or slowly, depending on different factors. Sometimes you can get through the requirements very quickly. It can also take weeks or months from when you first contact a recruiter to when you leave for your military training.

Army Reserves: The Basics

The Army Reserve is a reserve force of the United States Army. It works alongside the Army National Guard to supply with the United States Armed Forces with a reserve force. Soldiers who serve in the reserves only work part time, however, which is in stark contrast to traditional soldiers who serve full-time.

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Philippine Army Reserve Command

Pangasiwaan ng Panlaáng Kawal ng Hukbóng KatihanComando de la Reserva del Ejército
Coat of Arms of the Army Reserve Command
20pxArmy Reserve Force
RoleConventional and Unconventional Warfare, Anti-Guerrilla Operations, Combat Support & Service Support, Force Multiplier, Training, Disaster Rescue & Relief, and Community Service
Size120,000+ in Ready Reserve Status, 50,000+ in Standby Reserve Status
Part of
Camp General Mariano Riego de Dios, Tanza, Cavite
Col. Rolando A. Rodil, GSC, PA
Unit PatchARESCOM Emblem/ RCDG Unit Patch

The Army Reserve Command is a Major Support Commands of the Philippine Army. It was created for the sole purpose of Reserve Force management, procurement, and organisation.

Importance To The Active Army

This Is The Army Reserve

In the early 1980s, Army Reserve soldiers constituted the following numbers in US Army units:

  • 100% of training divisions, brigades, and railway units
  • 97% of civil affairs units
  • smaller percentages of other units and formations such as the 100th Battalion, 442 Infantry Regiment .

In 1980, the peacetime USAR chain of command was overlaid with a wartime trace. In an expansion of the roundout and affiliation programs begun ten years earlier, CAPSTONE purported to align every Army Reserve unit with the active and reserve component units with which they were anticipated to deploy. Units maintained lines of communication with the units often hundreds or thousands of miles away in peacetime who would presumably serve above or below them in the event of mobilization. This communication, in some cases, extended to coordinated annual training opportunities.

Despite the commonly held belief that CAPSTONE traces were set in stone, the process of selecting units to mobilize and deploy in 1990 and 1991 in support of Operation Desert Shield and Desert Storm frequently ignored CAPSTONE.

In 2008, the Army Reserve contains the following percentages of the Army’s units of each category:

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What Is Military Drill Pay

If you choose to serve in the Army Reserve or Army National Guard, you will earn what is called Drill Pay. Army Drill Pay is money you earn while training on weekends and during full-time training events. You are compensated hourly for work completed. Your wages will increase when you climb in rank and years of experience

Army Reserve Roadshow East Belfaststrangford Arms Newtownards6th February 20201900

A career in the Army Reserve offers you the challenge and adventure that you simply cant find in any other job. Youll be able to play a variety of sports and take part in adventurous training activities from kayaking to mountain biking. Plus youll have the opportunity to travel all over the world on training exercises in places such as California and Kenya. When you join the Army Reserve, your training will be all about self-development. Well help you learn team-building, decision-making and leadership skills, plus youll have plenty of opportunities to earn qualifications that could be used in your civilian career. Units have a minimum annual training commitment which changes depending on which role or unit you choose. Training normally takes place at the weekends and one evening a week. You get paid for all the time you spend in the Army Reserve with your pay rising as you are promoted through the ranks. There is also an annual tax-free bounty that you are entitled to if you complete your minimum annual training commitment that increases to £1,708 after five years of Army Reserve service. New entrants are also now eligible for extra payments of up to £2,300. AGE REQUIREMENTS

Minimum: To join the Army Reserve you need to be 18. You can apply to join when you are 17 years and 9 months old, so that you’re ready to join on your 18th birthday.

For more information:

Telephone: 0345 600 80 80

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How Big Is The National Guard

The National Guard has a projected strength of over 340,000 soldiers.

They make up 39% of the Armys Operational Force.

The National Guard is in every state, three territories, the District of Columbia and has over 150 career options.

Most career options are part-time but there are full-time and civilian employment opportunities in the National Guard.

Basic Citizen’s Military Training

Reserve Soldiers remain " Twice the Citizen"  in mass re ...

A Sergeant from the Scout Ranger Regiment gives instructions on military rappelling to SBCMT CL45-11 of the 1302nd Community Defense Center.

Basic Citizen’s Military Training is a military training course conducted by the Philippine Army through the Army Reserve Command. It is an entry level training course undertaken by Filipino Citizens wanting to enlist in the reserve force.

BCMT instruction is administered by a joint training pool of military instructors from both regular and reserve forces and is usually conducted inside any of the Philippine Army’s training camps. Guest instructors are requested from other government agencies and non-government organizations for specialized instructions.

Special Basic Citizen’s Military Training is a special course conducted by the Philippine Army in response to a request from a Local Government Unit . Funding is usually provided for by the requesting agency as compared to regular BCMT which receives funding from the Army.

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Army Reserve Vs National Guard

To a casual observer or to someone who is not aware of the structure of the army in United States, there might not be any difference between Army Reserve and National Guard. However, this is not true and, despite similarities, the two forces have quite a few differences. In fact, though they share the same army uniform, they are two different organizations and do different duties. This article intends to clarify the differences between the two once and for all.

It is true that superficially, they look alike because of the uniform and rank structure, which is same as the US army. They have the same number of soldiers in a squad and a particular number of squads make up a platoon in both, just like the US army. However, the biggest difference between them and the US army lies in the fact that they are reserve type units, which means that they are not full time or active army units. The soldiers in these units train at least one weekend in a month and also take part in an annual training lasting two weeks. But this is where similarities between the two units end.

Army Reserve Works Temporary Promotions And Keeping First Sergeants At The Company Level

The Army Reserve is finding a reserve-tailored way to promote their enlisted and officers while they continue to battle recruiting shortfalls.

That will mean more temporary promotions for many soldiers, the top enlisted Army Reserve soldier said.

More senior noncommissioned officers are going to see a shift, as well, Command Sgt. Maj. of the U.S. Army Reserve Andrew Lombardo said at an Association of the U.S. Army event Monday.

Lombardo wants to see a first sergeant leading at the company level. He also wants to see the reserve quit leaning on sergeants first class for that leadership position.


Lombardo talked Monday about various reserve initiatives, but much of the hour-long event was focused on promotions and manpower.

The force did fall short of their recruiting goals this past year, Lombardo noted, which Army Times reported in November.

Only 11,690 reserve applicants shipped to training, despite a target of 15,875.

One of the challenges has been the active duty sides better than average retention in recent years. Active duty soldiers leaving for the reserves has traditionally been a recruiting standby, Lombardo said. But reserve retention is doing well, too.

Our retention mission is looking better than ever, he noted.

Now the challenge is putting those junior soldiers into more senior slots and improving even the senior NCO ranks.

At the same time, they have a deficiency of 2,500 sergeants and 800 captains across the reserve.

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Who Serves And How

The majority of Reservists serve one evening a week, one weekend a month. Many also provide essential support for longer terms within the CA Regular Force.

Reservists come from all sorts of backgrounds from young Canadians graduating in high school or entering universities or colleges, to civic-minded Canadians of all ages who have careers outside the ARes in a wide range of civilian occupations.

Simply put, training and employment within the ARes meets the needs of citizens willing to take on the Army challenge and contribute their varied skills and backgrounds that enrich and strengthen the Canadian Army.

To ensure the ARes can meet its full operational potential, the CA is increasing the size of the ARes, reducing the recruitment process to a matter of weeks, and fully integrating Reservists into the total Force with additional roles that provide full-time capability through part-time service, in accordance with the Government of Canadas new Defence Policy: Strong, Secured, Engaged.

At present, there are over 18,500 Army Reservists across Canada who look forward to a great future of personal growth, training and missions. By 2020, it is expected that the Army Reserve will grow to over 21,000.

To join the Army Reserve, start by dropping by the local armoury in your community or region. If you are looking for a particular trade, you must join a unit that offers that type of work. Each units page has a list of the trades they offer.

Rebuilding And Named The Army Reserve

U.S. Army Reserve – The Facts Behind The Myths

In 2010, the government set up a commission, chaired by General Sir Nicholas Houghton, to review the state of the reserves and to design their future. The commission reported in July 2011. It found that, despite their operational commitments, the reserves had been neglected: some estimates put its trained and active strength as low as 14,000. There had been âa failure to resource recruiting and good training, especially collective training to offer career progression to update operational roles to permit deployment in formed sub-units and therefore offer command opportunitiesâ Its recommendations included that a new target of 30,000 trained strength by 2020 be set.

The government published the report on 18 July with an immediate promise of £1.5 Billion funding over ten years. In October 2012 MoD announced a new name for the Territorial Army, its current name, the Army Reserve. Most of the recommendations of the commission were adopted in the White Paper July 2013 including the critical importance of providing operational and training opportunities for formed units and sub-units.

Army Reservists have a minimum commitment to serve 27 training days per annum or 19 days for some national units. This period normally includes a two-week period of continuous training either as an Army Reserve unit, on courses or attached to a Regular unit. Army Reserve soldiers are paid at a similar rate as their regular equivalents while engaged on military activities.

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Top 5 Benefits Of The Army Reserve

by MilitaryBenefits

Army Reservists proudly wear the title of Citizen-Soldier, but they are much different from full-time Soldiers in the Armed Forces. Serving in the Army Reserve is equivalent to having a part-time job. They maintain their full-time civilian career or attend school while serving at a location close to home.

Reservists are responsible for attending training one weekend every month and serve two weeks of mandatory training each year. The service time for Army Reservists is a minimum of 38 days out of the entire year, and the annual pay and its subsequent benefits simply cant be beat.

Members of the Reserve Component may also be when needed, but they also have the opportunity to volunteer for an Active Duty mobilization within an Army human resources database of available positions throughout the United States and internationally.

Standby Reserve Infantry Divisions

  • 11th Infantry Division, PA
  • 21st Infantry Division, PA
  • 31st Infantry Division, PA
  • 41st Infantry Division, PA
  • 51st Infantry Division, PA
  • 61st Infantry Division, PA
  • 71st Infantry Division, PA
  • 81st Infantry Division, PA
  • 91st Infantry Division, PA
  • 101st Infantry Division, PA
  • 111th Infantry Division, PA
  • 121st Infantry Division, PA
  • 131st Infantry Division, PA
  • 141st Infantry Division, PA
  • Artillery Regiment, PA

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