NewsWhat Is A Us Army Reserve

What Is A Us Army Reserve


What Is The Army Reserve

What Is The Army Reserves? | The Basics

The Army Reserve is a component of the US Army.

The Army Reserve consists of mostly part-time soldiers who can be activated into full-time reserve positions in support of operations.

On the battlefield, being able to deploy combat-ready units as quickly as possible can make a large impact on the mission.

The Army Reserve holds fully deployable units and soldiers that may be activated to full-time duty to support specialized capabilities or replace soldiers in high demand areas who have been deployed.

Whats My Obligation If I Join The National Guard Or Military Reserves

Joining the military reserves or National Guard is a significant time commitment. This is true, especially at the beginning. You will get settled in your permanent unit. Then, you can expect to attend unit assembly, known as drill, one weekend per month. You will also participate in a two-week annual training each year.

  • Initial training: As a new military member, you will attend your branchs basic military training. That may last from eight to 12 weeks. Depending on your job, you may also attend an advanced training course.
  • Monthly drill: Youll need to drill for 48 periods or units per year. Most units drill one weekend per month. A typical weekend drill has four periods. Some military units have additional drilling requirements, which may include the weekday.
  • Annual training: Youll also need to participate in annual training for two weeks per year.
  • Activations: You may be activated to full-time service in a voluntary or involuntary status. This can be with your unit or individually. These activations may vary in length and location. They may include 30 days in a unit near your hometown. Or up to a year supporting a mission outside of the United States. Generally, you cannot opt out of involuntary action. This is because the military has ordered you to active service.
  • Length of commitment: Your total contract may range from three to eight years. This depends on the branch of service and your specific occupation/job.

Us And Russian Reserves

One of Russia’s advantages is its ability to mobilize and equip more troops than the US in a short time frame. According to Hamilton, this is because Russia has a conscription army, while the US army is contract only. Specifically, Russias trained reserve numbers 2 million people who have served as conscripts in the Russian Armed Forces for one year within the past five. Add to that the 350,000 personnel in the National Guard service and a further 20 million in a different military reserve category .

In the US, meanwhile, the trained military reserve numbers 800,000, of which more than half are in the National Guard. This means that Washington would not be able to quickly cover personnel losses during a large-scale conflict . Russia, however, would be able to double its peacetime army or strengthen its forces to 3 million in a short space of time. At the same time, Hamilton notes the US Armed Forces have trouble meeting manpower needs in peacetime, largely due to the low level of recruitment of new military personnel.

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How To Approach Your Employer

Currently over 1,400 supportive employers benefit from having Army Reservists in their workplace. The Army Reserve offers a flexible and supportive structure to ensure minimal conflict between military and civilian careers. The world-class training you receive and skills you learn will transfer to your civilian career, and wont cost your employer anything. So your employer is already benefiting from your involvement. Your employer may also be entitled to compensation for your time away during service.

Start by being positive

Tell your employer youre looking for a new challenge that will test and expand your skills for the benefit of the community and your country, as well as your everyday job. Let them know becoming an Army Reservist will satisfy this ambition give them plenty of notice and work with them to manage your Reservist commitments.

Talk about the training

Explain to your employer that the training you receive will help you be more effective at your job, by broadening your skill-set and strengthening your personal attributes.

As a Reservist you’ll receive high quality government training in leadership and teamwork, plus personal and professional development that helps you become a more resilient and adaptable employee. Army training is designed to make you more positive and goal-oriented, and able to prioritise tasks and make quick, objective decisions.

Explain the personal development

Be prepared to answer questions

Failure Of An Enlisted Reservist To Report For Initial Training

Reserve Soldiers remain " Twice the Citizen"  in mass re ...

An enlisted member of a reserve component who fails to report for initial training is normally separated from the military with an entry level separation , provided they are no longer willing to report for a rescheduled date. The same applies to Army Reservists, including members of the Army National Guard, who fail to report for either phase I or phase II of a split-option initial training. See special note for information on possible additional penalties for members of the National Guard.

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Rights Of Mobilized Reservists

There are different rights that mobilized service members have under federal law, including the Servicemembers Civil Relief Act, which can be discussed with GI Rights Hotline Counselors or Military Legal Counsel. These can include

  • Reduced interest rate and rate caps on loans, mortgage payments, and credit card debt
  • Protection from automobile repossession
  • Eviction protection and possible rent ceilings
  • Delay of all civil court actions, such as bankruptcy, foreclosure or divorce proceedings
  • Termination of leases
  • Delayed payment of taxes.

Other laws include The Uniformed Services Employment and Re-employment Rights Act, which protects reservists employed by US owned companies from losing their jobs based on membership in the military. It requires that employers give time off for drills and training as well as deployment. In addition, it requires that reservists who complete a deployment be given back their job with no loss of seniority or pay grade and with reinstated health insurance. Self-employed reservists can potentially suffer greater financial adversity in the event of deployment and could explore the possibility of a hardship discharge with a GI Rights Hotline Counselor.

The Future Size Of The Army

As shown in Chart 3, improved recruiting and retention have allowed the Army to get back on a growth slope that is higher than FY 2020, though not as high as what had been projected in FY 2019 and earlier. If the planned growth in the active and reserve components occurs, the Army will get back to its pre-9/11 level. In the long term, the regular Army hopes to get to 495,000.

Three opposing dynamics pull the future size and shape of the Army. One is the guidance in the NDS to focus on great power conflicts with Russia and China. That implies a force equipped with advanced, and likely very expensive, technologies paid for by cuts to structure, if necessary. Another is the day-to-day demand for forces to deploy to Afghanistan, Europe, and elsewhere. That implies a larger force that may not need the most advanced technologies. Finally, difficulties in recruiting and retention, as described earlier, may drive force size regardless of strategy.

As Chart 4 shows, the Army Reserve had planned to increase to 200,000 and the Army National Guard to 343,000. Instead, both now aim for only small increases to their 2020 end strength.

Rather than increase size, the reserve components have opted to increase readiness. For example, the number of National Guard rotations to Combat Training Centers has continued at four. Nevertheless, both reserve components will suffer from understrength units, as force structure has not declined with the end strength plans.

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The Future Structure Of The Army: New Kinds Of Units

Consistent with the NDS, Army statements focus on great power conflict and moving beyond the regional conflicts of the last 20 years. However, these Army statements place relatively more emphasis on Russia, identifying it as the principal near-term threat, with China as a longer-term threat.5 That is not surprising since the Western Pacific theater consists mainly of ocean and long distances. The European theater would have greatest need for ground forces with advanced weapons. The Army is not ignoring the Pacific. It is working to develop capabilities that would be applicable there, such as long-range anti-ship missiles. Further, a conflict in Korea would require large U.S. ground forces.

This high-end conflict implies a force, perhaps a smaller force, that has advanced systems for ground combat, fires, and aviation. It also implies a force that has different kinds of capabilities such as cyber, electronic warfare, anti-ship/sea control fires, cruise and ballistic missile defense, and very long-range precision fires. Creating this force in an environment of constrained end strength will require cutting some existing capabilities, such as BCTs, a step the Army has not yet been willing to take.

A few new kinds of units are taking shape.

Reestablishment Of Warrant Officer One

Man stabbed at US Army Reserve Center in Orlando culprit sought

On 4 June 2018, the announced the reestablishment of the rank of warrant officer one , for cyber warrant officers, and solicited applications for the rank/grade. These warrant officers will receive their appointment via warrant and not via . They will incur a six-year service obligation once promoted to W-1. A minimum of three-years in grade with a total service time of 12 years must be achieved before appointment and commission to chief warrant officer . However, the also may grant appointments of warrant officers in the grade of W-1 via commission at any time, and the may also appoint warrant officers in that grade via commission, through additional regulations. In mid-December 2018, the Navy announced that six selectees had been named. They will wear a distinctive cap badge with two crossed anchors.

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Basic Requirements And Expectations

You must meet certain minimum requirements to join the military, whether full time or part time. You must be a U.S. citizen or permanent resident who is at least age 17, and if youre not yet 18, you need parental permission. You need a high school diploma or GED, but entrance is more difficult with a GED.

Youll need to achieve a minimum score, which varies by branch, on the Armed Forces Qualification Test and the Armed Services Vocational Aptitude Battery test. Also, you must pass a military entrance medical exam and background check. Upon acceptance, youll attend basic training , which lasts eight to 13 weeks, depending on your branch. You could then attend Officer Candidate School or advanced individual training if your job requires it.

Both active duty and reserves have maximum age restrictions for who can enlist, but these differ by branch, as do physical fitness requirements. For example, to join the Air Force, you cant be older than 39, and you must pass the Air Force Basic Military Training Fitness Test.

All service members must adhere to gender-specific physical requirements related to weight, fitness, hair, nails, piercings, tattoos, and attire. In general, you must maintain a neat, professional, and natural appearance.

Active Duty and Reserve Duty
Active Duty
No reserve service at this time

Absences From The Reserves

There are many different kinds of duty to which a reservist might be ordered to appear, including active duty for training, drills, annual training, muster, and mobilization and deployment. Members of the national guard can also be ordered to duty in state emergencies without ever coming under orders from the federal government . GI Rights Hotline counselors are available for a free, confidential consultation on any of these issues.

Any reservist called to active duty under Title 10 U.S.C is subject to the UCMJ from the date that orders indicate they are to report for duty and any absence on or after that date is punishable by the UCMJ. Nevertheless, many absence offenses that could be punished under the UCMJ are never referred to court-martial or non judicial punishment. GI Rights Hotline counselors can help assess possible and likely consequences for absent reservists. There are some special categories mentioned below.

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Appointment And Tour Length

The three-star grade goes hand-in-hand with the position of office to which it is linked, so the rank is temporary. Officers may only achieve three-star grade if they are appointed to positions that require the officer to hold such a rank. Their rank expires with the expiration of their term of office, which is usually set by statute. Lieutenant generals are nominated for appointment by the president from any eligible officers holding the rank of brigadier general or above, who also meet the requirements for the position, with the advice of the and the . The nominee must be confirmed via majority vote by the before the appointee can take office and thus assume the rank. The standard tour length for most lieutenant general positions is three years but some are set four or more years by statute.

Extensions of the standard tour length can be approved, within statutory limits, by their respective service secretaries, the Secretary of Defense, the president, or but these are rare, as they block other officers from being promoted. Some statutory limits under the U.S. Code can be waived in times of national emergency or war. Three-star ranks may also be given by an act of Congress but this is extremely rare.

The Future Structure Of The Army: New Capabilities

Reserve unit completes yearlong Basic Combat Training ...

Looked at broadly, Army modernization is a good news, good news, bad news story: the good news is that the Army continues production of proven systems and has a well-modernized force as a result. More good news is that a few new systems are coming out of the RDT& E primordial soup. The bad news is that the Army is still several years away from having a new generation of systems in production to take it into the 2020s and beyond and set it up for potential combat against great power adversaries.

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Us Navy Reserves Pros And Cons


  • Ability to serve full or part time
  • Available bonuses and special pay
  • Follow same promotion and pay raise scale as active duty


  • No guarantee that individuals will get their same rating
  • Joining as an Individual Augment has a high chance of being moved to active duty
  • May require personal time to keep in shape

Us Coast Guard Reserves

Coast Guard Reserves support maritime homeland security, national defense and domestic disaster operations.

To enter into the reserves you must be a U.S. Citizen or resident alien, be 17-40 years of age, have a high school diploma, have no more than three dependents and pass entry testing.

Related ArticleCoast Guard Jobs List: A List of All 24 Ratings

The Coast Guard reserve has five programs to assist with entering into as a reserve.

The programs include: Split Training Program , Consecutive Training Program , Direct Entry Petty Officer Program , Direct Entry Education Program , and Prior-Military Service Program .

Coast Guard reservist can serve in one of 17 different ratings, including one rating that is unique to the reservist role, Investigator.

Jobs include: Boatswains Mate, Culinary Specialist, Damage Controlman, Electricians Mate, Electronics Technician, Gunners Mate, Health Services Technician, Information System Technician, Intelligence Specialist, Investigator, Machinery Technician, Marine Science Technician, Maritime Enforcement Specialist, Operation Specialist, Public Affairs Specialist, Storekeeper and Yeoman.

Job descriptions for the above mentioned titles can be found here.

Reserve non-officer members can start out making roughly $292.00 per a month for each drill weekend.

Coast Guard Reserves are offered low-cost health care, education assistance and loan opportunities, life insurance, retirement and veteran preference points.

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Thanks For Reaching Out

  • You’ll receive an email confirming your request

  • We’ll provide additional information about next steps

  • You’ll work with us to decide whether the Army is right for you

  • Questions you may have right now

    Who will reach out to me?

    One of our recruiters will either call or email you to set up time to talk.

    Who will reach out to me?

    One of our ROTC recruiters will either call or email you to set up time to talk.

    What will you ask me?

    Our conversation will likely begin with some basic qualifying questions, like your age and education level. From there, the conversation will be about getting to know you and your goals for the future. Expect us to ask about your interests and skills so we can suggest Army jobs that might interest you.

    How can I prepare for the conversation?

    While we’ll ask you questions, this is your opportunity to ask some of your own. Here are a couple to get you started:

    How can the Army help me pay for college?

    Do I have to go to Basic Training?

    How can I prepare for the conversation?

    While we’ll ask you questions, this is your opportunity to ask some of your own. Here are a couple to get you started:

    What is the time commitment for part-time service?

    How can I prepare for the conversation?

    While we’ll ask you questions, this is your opportunity to ask some of your own. Here are a couple to get you started:

    Can the Army help me pay for medical school?

    Do I have to go to Basic Training?

    Us Air Force Reserves

    This Is The Army Reserve

    The US Air Force Reserves is open to non-prior service, prior service and officer personnel and currently holds over 69,000 members.

    Most positions are part time , and initial service commitments are for six years active duty, with two additional years inactive.

    Other options include Individual Mobilization Augmentees , Active Guard Reserve and Air Reserve Technicians .

    Related ArticleReenlistment Codes for Each Military Branch

    Reservists can serve on Air Force Bases, Air Reserve Bases, or air stations shared with other military branches.

    Individuals with non-prior service must be 17 to 39, a U.S. Citizen or legal permanent resident, have a high school diploma and be in good health.

    The Air Force Reserves offers most of the same jobs offered to enlisted personnel and has the same uniform and rank structure.

    The Marine Corps Reserves offers a similar option to other military branches when it comes to time commitment.

    Their Selected Marine Corps Reserve option allows individuals to work one weekend a month and two consecutive weeks a year, with the same training and MOS options as enlisted members.

    Related Article

    Individuals can choose to have 6 years drill status with 2 years in Individual Ready Reserve , 5 years in drill status 3 in IRR or 4 years in drill status 4 in IRR.

    The training and requirements to enter into an MOS are almost identical as an enlisted active duty member.

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