PopularWhat Are The Ranks In The Army

What Are The Ranks In The Army


Sergeant Major Of The Army

US Military (All Branches) Enlisted Ranks Explained What is a Chief? Sergeant? Private?

The sergeant major of the Army is a rank held by only one enlisted soldier at a time. The holder of this rank is the most senior enlisted member in the Army. The SMA’s primary function is to address the issues of enlisted soldiers at the Army’s highest levels. The SMA is the senior enlisted adviser to the Army Chief of Staff and is selected based on their outstanding leadership, extensive experience and ability to communicate up and down the Army chain of command. The SMA is giving the highest level of honor and respect of any other enlisted soldier.

Each SMA’s duties are determined by the current chief of staff. As a rule, though, the SMA serves as the Army hierarchy’s eyes and ears, keeping the chief of staff abreast on virtually any subject that affects enlisted soldiers and their families.

Military Officer Training + Rank

You’re not just training to be a physician. You’re also training to be an officer. In fact, youre a military officer as soon as you join, whether or not you have completed medical school. While there are variations in what you learn among the Services, you will immerse yourself in military culture, study the leadership skills required of all officers and participate in physical officer training.

United States Army Ranks In Order

This table of the United States Army ranks from lowest to highest shows the Army’s rank structure from lowest to highest including rank insignia, abbreviation, and rank classification.

The United States Army has twenty nine grades of enlisted soldiers and officers, with most soldiers enlisting at the entry-level rank of Private . The highest rank achievable in the Army is General of the Army.

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What Are The Different Officer Ranks

Officer Cadet

  • The rank held during initial officer training.

Second Lieutenant

  • The lowest commissioned officer rank in the British Army, given on commissioning from the Royal Military Academy Sandhurst.
  • Responsible for leading up to 30 soldiers in a platoon or troop, rank normally held for one to two years.


  • Normally command a platoon or troop of around 30 soldiers, with increased responsibilities from being a Second Lieutenant.
  • Typically held for two to three years.
  • Normally made second-in-command of a sub-unit of up to 120 soldiers.
  • Typically held for five to 10 years.


  • Commands a sub-unit of up to 120 officers and soldiers.
  • Responsible for their training, welfare and administration both in camp and op operations, as well as the management of their equipment.

Lieutenant Colonel

  • Commands units of up to 650 soldiers, containing four or five sub-units known as the Commanding Officer, for typically two years.
  • They are responsible for the overall operational effectiveness of their unit in terms of military capability, welfare and general discipline.


  • Normally serve as staff officers operating between field commands at battalion/brigade level.
  • It is the lowest of the staff ranks and they are the principal advisors to senior officers.

Army Ranks And Insignia Of India

Armucation: Ranks and Organization

Indian Army Ranks can be broadly classified into three categories: Commissioned Officers, Junior Commissioned Officers and Other Ranks.

These ranks generally correspond with those of Western militaries, and in particular, reflect those of the British and Commonwealth armies. Traditional names for ranks are still used, as well as Western names.

Equivalent ranks of Indian military
  • ^Risaldar major in cavalry and armoured regiments
  • ^Risaldar in cavalry and armoured regiments
  • ^Naib risaldar in cavalry and armoured regiments.Called jemadar until 1965.
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    Army Ranks: Senior Non

    Although the Army does not make the official distinction in the rank structure, enlisted ranks of sergeant first class and above generally are referred to as Senior NCOs, and they carry increasing levels of responsibility and demand greater levels of respect and deference.

    Although there are only three pay grades, the SNCO ranks actually cover six separate ranks or designations — sergeant first class , master sergeant, first sergeant, sergeant major, command sergeant major and sergeant major of the Army.

    Unlike the promotion processes for private through staff sergeant, unit commanders have little to do with the promotion process to the SNCO ranks. These promotions are centralized completely at the Headquarters of the Department of the Army .

    There is no minimum time-in-grade requirement for promotion to the Army SNCO ranks, but candidates must meet the following minimum time-in-service requirements to be eligible for promotion:

    • Sergeant first class — six years.
    • Master sergeant/first sergeant — eight years.
    • Sergeant major — nine years.

    Classroom Studies + Physical Training

    Although officer training seems brief, the Military packs a lot of knowledge into a short amount of time. Expect to learn about the following subjects:

    • Military customs and courtesies
    • Information about your Service and its specific role in the Military
    • Leadership skills, including how to work with enlisted service members

    Field training exercises will complement what you learn in the classroom. Although your officer training may not be considered as strenuous as Basic Training, you should start physical training early. Most important, you must be within the height and weight standards for your Service, and you will be expected to pass a fitness test. Your exercises will include runs, push-ups and sit-ups.

    Topics of Interest:

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    Origins Of Modern Ranks

    As the European and Asian Middle Ages came to an end, the rank structure of post-classical armies became more formalized. The top officers were known as commissioned officers because their rank came from a royal commission. Army commissions were usually reserved for those of high staturethe aristocracy of mainland Europe and the aristocracy and gentry of Great Britain.

    The basic unit of the post-classical army was the company, a band of soldiers assigned by a vassal lord on behalf of his lord . The vassal lord in command of the company was a commissioned officer with the rank of captain. Captain was derived from the Late Latin word capitaneus .

    The commissioned officer assisting the captain with command of the company was the lieutenant. Lieutenant was derived from the French language the lieu meaning “place” as in a position and tenant meaning “holding” as in “holding a position” thus a “lieutenant” is somebody who holds a position in the absence of their superior. When he was not assisting the captain, the lieutenant commanded a unit called a platoon, particularly a more specialized platoon. The word is derived from the 17th-century French peloton, meaning a small ball or small detachment of men, which came from pelote, a ball.

    How To Become An Officer

    US Army rank: The simple explanation

    Becoming an officer has evolved over the years as well. There are many officer programs than a civilian or enlisted person can take part in to become an officer. There are programs like the Seaman to Admiral program in the Navy or the Airman Education and Commissioning Program where the Navy and Air Force will grant a college scholarship to an individual to attend college and receive pay and tuition, room and board. You must be an exceptional candidate as these programs are highly competitive. The other ways to become an officer are through the three main officer programs:

    • ROTC – Reserve Officer Training Corps – ROTC programs are attached to colleges and typically have selected branches of services represented. Some colleges have all branches available. You have to get selected into the college first and if you are highly qualified the military will pay for your college while you learn how to be a member in the military during your four years in the program.
    • Service Academy – The Air Force Academy, Naval Academy , Military Academy , Coast Guard Academy, as well as the Merchant Marine Academy prepares young men and women to serve in the military in a four year college program that is free tuition, room, and board.
    • OCS – Officer Candidate School can be for both civilians and enlisted members with college degrees. Depending upon the branch of service, OCS is typically 14-16 weeks of intense training – both physical, academic, and tactical.

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      Army Mine Planter Service Coast Artillery Corps

      The Army’s Coastal Artillery Corps was an organization created in 1901 as a sub-division of the Artillery Corps to man the Army’s coastal forts and harbor defenses. It controlled the batteries of anti-ship artillery that protected the United States from attack or invasion by sea and coastal anti-aircraft artillery defenses to prevent attack by air. One of its duties was supervision of the sea mine fields that screened these fortifications.

      In 1904 an Army Mine Planter Service was set up by the Coast Artillery Corps to run a fleet of Mine Planter ships that were under direct Army control. They used retrofitted civilian craft until purpose-built Army mine-planters could replace them. The original crews were civilian sailors and enlisted Army mine handlers under the command of an Army Coastal Artillery Corps officer. There was a lot of friction between the mariners, who bristled under Army discipline, and the Army personnel, who disliked how unreliable the sailors were. Sometimes ships had to stay in port due to crewmen quitting or not showing up for duty. On July 9, 1918 Congress passed the Appropriations Actof 1918, which organized the crews as military personnel and created the rank of Warrant Officer. A school to train the mariners was set up at Fort Monroe, Virginia. The first 40 Warrant Officers to graduate were appointed in 1922.

      Army Mine Planter Service Warrant Officer Insignia
      An embroidered 1-inch three-vaned propellerover 2 Bands of 1/2-inch brown braid.

      Army Ranks: Junior Enlisted

      The term as a military rank seems to come from the 16th century when individuals had the privilege of enlisting or making private contracts to serve as private soldiers in military units. Before then, many soldiers were forced into service by royalty or feudal lords.

      Some sources claim that the use of “private” as an official “rank” dates back to the 18th century, when the French Army, under Napoleon, established the permanent rank of Soldat.

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      Rank Insignia Of The German Armed Forces

      The ranks of the German armed forces, known collectively as the Bundeswehr, were set up by the President with the Anordnung des Bundespräsidenten über die Dienstgradbezeichnungen und die Uniform der Soldaten on the basis of section 4, paragraph 3 of the Soldatengesetz . The Bundesbesoldungsordnung regulates the salary scales of all Federal office holders and employees including soldiers. The ‘ZdV-64/10 – Abkürzungen in der Bundeswehr’ gives the abbreviations and a list of the abbreviations.

      Development Of Officer Rank Insignia

      Royal Malaysian Armed Forces

      Initially, officer insignia was silver or gold metal lace epaulets worn on one or both shoulders to indicate rank. Infantry subaltern officers carried half-pikes called spadroons as the symbol of their authority. Cavalry and artillery subaltern officers carried swords, as did Field and General Officers.

      In the 1830s rank insignia were adopted with the adding of bars for subalterns , an oak leaf for field officers , an eagle for colonels, and one or more stars for Generals. The rank of Ensign did not receive insignia until 1917 and were identified by their bare epaulets. Officers assigned to “Dismounted” units wore silver buttons and gold-embroidered insignia on silver epaulets. Officers assigned to “Mounted” units wore gold buttons and silver-embroidered insignia on gold epaulets. The insignia and epaulet colors were reversed for Majors to difference them from Lieutenant-Colonels. Subalterns wore plain epaulets. Field Officers and General Officers wore fringed epaulets.

      In 1851 the rank insignia for colonels was standardized as a silver eagle. The ranks of Ensign and Cornet were merged to 2nd Lieutenant for all branches in 1871. In 1872 to reduce confusion the rank insignia were standardized at 1 silver bar for Lieutenants, 2 conjoined silver bars for Captains, a gold oak-leaf for Majors, a silver oak-leaf for Lieutenant-Colonels, a silver eagle for Colonels, 1 silver star for Brigadier-Generals, 2 silver stars for Major-Generals, and 3 silver stars for Lieutenant-Generals.

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      Indian Ranks In Army Navy & Airforce

      Check the comparison of ranks in Army, Navy & Airforce from below:

      Indian Armed Forces: Ranks of Officers

      Indian Army Ranks
      Seaman IIAircraftman

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      Army Ranks For Enlisted Personnel

      There are 13 enlisted Army ranks: private, private second class, private first class, specialist, corporal, sergeant, staff sergeant, sergeant first class, master sergeant, first sergeant, sergeant major, command sergeant major and sergeant major of the Army.

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      In general terms, these Army ranks are broken down into three groups — Junior Enlisted , NCOs and Senior NCOs .

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      As An Officer Receives More Promotions In Rank The Next Level Rank Becomes More Competitive And Difficult To Attain

      After years of exemplary service and promotions, an Army Officer can continue to move up in rank. However, these limited and demanding upper level positions are only filled by the highest qualified Officers.

      “A Lieutenant Colonel “typically commands battalion-sized units , with a CSM as principal NCO assistant. May also be selected for brigade and task force Executive Officer.

      Army.mil – https://www.army.mil/symbols/officerdescription.html

      Confederacy Of Independent Systems

      British Army Ranks in Order

      The Confederacy military was made of the and the Confederacy Navy, which were led by CountDooku, the and Grievous.

      The Separatist Army was almost completely made of droids, which consisted of droid soldiers of the Techno Union, the Commerce Guild, and the Trade Federation. Military ranks used for biological beings in the Separatist Droid Army were the ranks of Captain,Commander, Colonel, and General. One of the most infamous Confederate Generals was the cyborg Grievous.

      The Separatist Navy used the military ranks of Captain,Commander, and Admiral. One known admiral in the CIS Navy was Admiral Trench.

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      British Army Ranks In Order

      All soldier and officer ranks are denoted by a title and a set of insignia.

      The British Army’s rank system forms the backbone of how the service is structured and defines an individual’s degree of responsibility.

      There are two distinct tiers, with officer and soldier ranks.

      The term ‘officer’ refers to someone with a commission, which is a formal document of appointment signed by the monarch.

      The other ranks are the enlisted soldiers of the Army, they do not have a commission, nor hold positions of high command.

      Although, separate tiers of authority warrant officer and non-commissioned officer exist within this rank structure.

      Warrant officers do not have a commission but their authority is granted through a warrant.

      8th April 2021

      They are promoted from a non-commissioned officer rank, like sergeant.

      All ranks are denoted by a title and a set of insignia, which officers usually wear on their shoulders or chest other ranks wear theirs on their sleeves.

      Indian Army Ranks : How To Join

      There are several entry schemes available for both men and women to join the Indian Army.

      Indian Army Entry Schemes For Men:

    • Intermediate National Defence Academy exam & 10+2 Technical Entry Scheme
    • Graduate UPSC Indian Military Academy Direct & Officers Training Academy Non-Technical
    • Graduate Non UPSC SSC & SSC
    • Graduate Technical Entries University Entry Scheme , TGC , SSC & AEC
    • Service Entries ACC, PC & SCO
    • Miscellaneous Entries Territorial Army , RVC, AMC & APS
    • Indian Army Entry Schemes For Women:

    • Graduate UPSC SSCW
    • Graduate Non UPSC SSCW & SSCW
    • Graduate Tech Entries SSCW
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      Us Army Officer Ranks

      Article may contain affiliate links. As an Amazon Associate I earn from qualifying purchases.

      There are numerous Army Officer and General ranks that range from permanent to wartime only positions.

      The rank in order from highest to lowest is as follows: General of the Army, General, Lieutenant, Major General, Brigadier General, Colonel, Lieutenant Colonel, Major, Captain, First Lieutenant, and Second Lieutenant.

      The Royal Canadian Navy And The Executive Curl

      Army Rank: ateamcanon â LiveJournal

      When the Canadian Navy was established in 1910 it was natural to adopt the same straight rings with the executive curl for the permanent navy that was designated as the Royal Canadian Navy in August 1911 and subsequently the wavy shaped rings for the Royal Canadian Naval Volunteer Reserve and the rings of narrow interwoven gold lace for the Royal Canadian Navy Reserve . Other variations in rank insignia included sky blue lace with a diamond shaped loop for officers of the Women’s Royal Canadian Naval Service and warranted Sea Cadet Corps Officers who had a small anchor in place of the executive curl.

      Following the Second World War, the Royal Canadian Navy was reorganized with a single reserve component. In 1946 the distinctive wavy gold braid of the reserves gave way to the straight braided executive curl of the regular force until 1968. With the integration of the Canadian Forces the sea element was designated as Canadian Forces Maritime Command. Unembellished straight braid became the common rank insignia for officers of both the Regular and Reserve Forces. The executive curl rank insignia has been in continuous use in the Royal Canadian Navy, but from 1968 to 2010 it appeared only on navy mess dress.

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