BranchWhat Are The Branches Of The Military

What Are The Branches Of The Military


What To Ask Your Recruiter

Branches of the U.S. Military

No matter which branch of the military you wish to join, ask the recruiter the following questions to get more information about the benefits you could be earning:

  • What are the current benefits paid specifically for enlisting now?
  • What benefits might be offered to me if I agree to ship out to boot camp or basic training at a specific time
  • Are there any enlistment benefits that I am in danger of missing out on right now because I didnt act soon enough?
  • What is the total dollar value of all enlistment bonuses and other sign-up perks offered to me personally at this time based on my education level, ASVAB scores, and other variables?
  • What can I do to qualify for more bonus money?
  • What are the conditions under which I might be required to repay these bonuses or perks?
  • What if I dont finish basic training? What happens to the bonus money? Will I owe the government if I dont complete my initial training (including advanced training, technical school, or other post-boot-camp education required of new recruits.

Joe Wallace is a 13-year veteran of the United States Air Force and a former reporter for Air Force Television News

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The Coast Guard Is For You If:

Those wanting to pursue a career in law enforcement and security will see the Coast Guard has plenty of opportunities for it. The Coast Guard also has one of the most prestigious jobs in the military with search and rescue swimmers. If you are quite a fish in water and want to be a part of tight knit community, search and rescue swimmers are among the elite positions in the military.

United States Department Of Defense

United States Department of Defense

Preceding agencies
  • 826,000
  • 2.86 million total
Annual budget

The United States Department of Defense is an executive branch department of the federal government charged with coordinating and supervising all agencies and functions of the government directly related to national security and the United States Armed Forces. The DOD is the largest employer in the world, with over 1.4 million active-duty service members as of 2021. More employees include over 826,000 National Guard and reservists from the armed forces, and over 732,000 civilians bringing the total to over 2.8 million employees. Headquartered at the Pentagon in Arlington, Virginia, just outside Washington, D.C., the DoD’s stated mission is to provide “the military forces needed to deter war and ensure our nation’s security”.

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What Are The 8 Military Branches

The United States Public Health Service Commissioned Corps and the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Commissioned Officer Corps are considered commissioned uniform officer corps, although these two branches do not fall within the United States Armed Forces. The Army/Army National Guard, Navy, Air Force, Marine Corps, Coast Guard and the Space Force, make up the Armed Forces of the United States and fall within the Department of Defense.

There are 1.4 million activity duty personnel serving in the military today, with over 212,000 transitioning out of the military forces annually, representing a wide variety of skillsets. And that doesnt count the 21 million veterans who are already out there in the civilian world.

Understanding The 5 Branches Of Us Military

U.S. Armed Forces Branches

The United States Military is made up of five individual branches. Each one has a specific purpose but all work together seamlessly to protect our country and its citizens. All of the branches of the military are set up in such a way that they can be called into action as needed. Each individual branch has its own unique method of operation and ranks or chain of command.

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S For Joining The Military

Start by doing some research about your options for joining the military. Learn about the five active-duty branches and their part-time counterparts. Know the main differences between officers and enlisted members. And explore the career fields you can enter for each branch.

Once you know which branch youre considering, contact a recruiter. A recruiter will give you an overview and answer your questions about that service. If youre interested in more than one branch, contact a recruiter for each. If youre interested in joining as an officer, the recruiter will explain any options you may be eligible for.

If you decide to enlist, you will report to a military entrance processing station . Youll spend a day or two completing pre-enlistment steps. These include taking the ASVAB, having a physical exam, meeting with a career counselor, and if youre accepted,taking the oath of enlistment. From there youll receive orders for basic training, usually to start within a few weeks. If you enrolled in a delayed entry program, youll go home and get orders for basic training within a year.

Coast Guard: Smallest Branch

The United States Coast Guard, the smallest of all the U.S. military branches, was originally established as the Revenue Cutter Service in 1790. In 1915, it was reformed as the United States Coast Guard, under the Treasury Department. In 1967, the Coast Guard was transferred to the Department of Transportation. Legislation passed in 2002 transferred the Coast Guard to the Department of Homeland Security.

In peacetime, the Coast Guard is primarily concerned with law enforcement, boating safety, sea rescue, and illegal immigration control. However, the president can transfer part or all of the Coast Guard to the Department of the Navy in times of conflict.

The Coast Guard consists of ships, boats, aircraft and shore stations that conduct a variety of missions. It is also supported by the Coast Guard Reserves, and a volunteer Coast Guard Auxiliary in times of need.

The Coast Guard is commanded by a four-star admiral, known as the Coast Guard Commandant.

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The War Department And Navy Department

Upon the seating of the 1st U.S. Congress on 4 March 1789, legislation to create a military defense force stagnated as they focused on other concerns relevant to setting up the new government. President George Washington went to Congress to remind them of their duty to establish a military twice during this time. Finally, on the last day of the session, 29 September 1789, Congress created the War Department. The War Department handled naval affairs until Congress created the Navy Department in 1798. The secretaries of each department reported directly to the president as cabinet-level advisors until 1949, when all military departments became subordinate to the Secretary of Defense.

Army: Main Us Ground Force

Which Branch of the Military Should I Join?

The Army is the main ground-force of the United States. Its primary function is to protect and defend the country and its interests with ground troops, armor , artillery, attack helicopters, tactical nuclear weapons, and other weapons.

The Army is the oldest U.S. military service, officially established by the Continental Congress on June 14, 1775. Its also the largest of the military services. The Army is supported by two Reserve Forces which can be tapped for trained personnel and equipment during times of need: The Army Reserves, and the Army National Guard.

The primary difference between the two is that the Reserves are owned and managed by the federal government, and each state owns its own National Guard.

However, the president or the Secretary of Defense can activate state National Guard members into federal military service during times of need.

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Coast Guard And Coast Guard Reserve

The primary objective of the Coast Guard is to protect domestic waterways. The Coast Guard is responsible for rescues, law enforcement, drug prevention, and waterway clearing.

If you identify with this, Coast Guard is the place to be.

Those interested in a career in law enforcement or security will find the Coast Guard to be a great place to start. With search and rescue swimmers, the Coast Guard has one of the most coveted positions in the military. Search and rescue swimmers are among the military’s top professions if you are a natural swimmer who wants to be a part of a close-knit community.

If any of the following apply to you, the Coast Guard is not for you:

However, getting into the Coast Guard for enlistment is no easy task. If you have a criminal record, a poor credit history, or a GED, it will be nearly hard for you to join the military. You may, however, request for exemptions and cross your fingers that they will be granted.

Can Anyone Join The Military

No. To join the military, individuals are required to be United States citizens and at least 17 years old . They must also have a high school diploma, receive a passing score on the Armed Services Vocational Aptitude Battery, pass a physical fitness test, and pass a thorough medical examination. There are any number of medical conditions that may prohibit an individual from serving in the military, including cancer, epilepsy, steroid use, blindness, and missing organs. Check with your prospective branch for a complete list of disqualifying conditions.

Women are permitted to join all branches of the military and recently became allowed to serve in combat positions Former President Obama changed the military’s policy regarding women in combat positions in 2016. Women should be prepared to be vastly outnumbered, especially in combat-related career tracks only 17.2% of all service members are female.

In July 2017, President Trump announced that transgender individuals would be forbidden from serving in the military in any capacity. However, the ban was blocked by 10 federal judges and the military began allowing openly transgender individuals to enlist on January 1, 2018. In March 2019, it was announced that the rules will be changing yet again.

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Branches Of The Us Military

Army Founded by the Second Continental Congress in 1775, the U.S. Army is the oldest service of the United States military. Formed to protect freedom in the initial 13 colonies, the Army has evolved into arguably the worlds top fighting force.

Air Force The National Security Act created the U.S. Air Force on July 26, 1947. With the National Security Act Amendments of 1949, military services were reorganized. At that time, the Department of the Air Force was included within the Department of Defense.

Space ForceThe National Defense Authorization Act established the U.S. Space Force in 2019, making it the first new branch of the armed services in 73 years.

What Military Branch Should You Join Military Branch Comparisons

Pin by Jodi Abhold Zehner on Business

Which branch of the military should you join? There are five different service branches in the US military that you can consider: the Army, Air Force, Navy, Marine Corps, and Coast Guard. They differ in terms of entry requirements, basic military training, daily schedules, deployments, and culture.

Lets explore these different branches in detail to decide on the best branch of the military to join.

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Which Military Branch Has The Best Benefits

by MilitaryBenefits

Military benefits can seem complicated, especially if you are not sure which branch of the U.S. military to join. Which service offers the best military benefits? The answer is simpler than you might think, but there are some areas that are more complex than others.

In general, there is no basic advantage in joining one service over the other in terms of which benefits are available from your chosen branch of military service.

All service members who serve the minimum required time in uniform and meet program guidelines may sign up for the GI Bill, TRICARE, enroll in professional military education, collect housing allowances, and receive special duty pay where offered and applicable.

Those who are wondering what the basic benefits of joining the military are, regardless of service, should know that whatever uniform you wear in the U.S. military, the following may apply:

  • Steady income with upward mobility based on time in service and time-in-grade
  • Government-paid relocations to domestic and overseas duty assignments
  • Tax-free income during deployments to hostile fire areas/imminent danger pay where applicable
  • Proficiency skills pay where applicable

Where do the military branches begin to differ? Benefits by branch will vary in several areas or departments.

Office Of The Secretary Of Defense

The Office of the Secretary of Defense is the secretary and his/her deputy’s civilian staff.

OSD is the principal staff element of the secretary of defense in the exercise of policy development, planning, resource management, fiscal and program evaluation and oversight, and interface and exchange with other U.S. government departments and agencies, foreign governments, and international organizations, through formal and informal processes. OSD also performs oversight and management of the Defense Agencies, Department of Defense Field Activities, and specialized Cross Functional Teams.

National intelligence agencies

Several defense agencies are members of the United States Intelligence Community. These are national-level intelligence services that operate under the Department of Defense jurisdiction but simultaneously fall under the authorities of the director of national intelligence. They fulfill the requirements of national policymakers and war planners, serve as Combat Support Agencies, and also assist non-Department of Defense intelligence or law enforcement services such as the Central Intelligence Agency and the Federal Bureau of Investigation.

  • National Intelligence Agencies under the Department of Defense
  • the Department of the Air Force, within which the United States Air Force and United States Space Force are organized.
    • Military Departments of the Department of Defense

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    Join The Military As An Enlisted Member

    Enlisted members make up most of the military workforce. They receive training in a job specialty and do most of the hands-on work. Usually, youll sign up for four years of active duty and four years inactive. After youve completed your active duty time, you can either extend your contract or re-enlist if you want to continue serving.

    Officers make up a much smaller part of the workforce. To join as an officer, you typically must have a four-year college degree and complete an officer program. You compete for promotion to continue your career. Most officers are managers who plan and direct operations. Others are professionals like doctors and lawyers. Officers get paid more than enlisted members and enjoy certain other benefits.

    You dont have to join as an officer to become one though. You can join as an enlisted member and attend officer training later on.

    Oldest Branches Of The Us Military

    Which Branch of the Military Should I Join? Army, Navy, Airforce, Marines, Coast Guard?

    The United States Armed Forces consists of the Army, Navy, Marine Corps, Coast Guard, and Air Force. The history of the U.S. military goes hand in hand with the history of the country and dates back to the American Revolution. The Continental Congress established the Continental Army to defend the colonies from the British military and break away from British rule. Immediately after, the Continental Navy and Marine Corps were created to fight the British at sea and on land outside of the colonies.

    After the war all three continental forces were disbanded, but Congress decided to establish a permanent military. The Army, Navy, and Marine Corps were followed by the Coast Guard, which started as a service for the Treasury Department. Once the first airplane was invented, the Army established an Aeronautical Division, which eventually became the Air Force. All five branches are still going strong and today, the U.S. has one of the strongest militaries in the world.

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    The Air Force Isnt For You If:

    If youre looking to be in the infantry, a combat related role or more enlistment incentives for when you join, you may want to look elsewhere as the Air Force is one of the most competitive branches in the U.S. military.

    Still want to join? Then make sure you have a really high ASVAB score especially a technical score. That will help you increase your chances of being accepted into the Air Force and getting the MOS you want.

    The Marine Corps Isnt For You If:

    If a clear career path is more your speed and you want more of the amenities you would find in the other branches, chances are the Marines are not going to be something of interest to you. The Marines also deploy a lot when it comes to combat situations due to the infantry capabilities so keep that in mind when looking for a branch.

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    Air Force Basic Training

    As with other branches, Air Force Basic Training is a full-time effort to develop a higher physical condition while learning the standards of the Air Force and the tasks important to any role in this part of the military. People often find that this period, which lasts about nine weeks, provides them with a lot of information and opportunities to practice. This training is shorter than other branches, which means as much as possible is packed in from the beginning.

    Initially, participants start to refine their physical abilities. They also complete the basic procedures necessary to be a part of the Air Force, like medical appointments and vaccinations. As the weeks progress, they learn more about the branchs standard operating procedures. Once they have started to build their endurance, they learn how to operate weapons and get ready for combat. By the end, they are ready to take their final tests and get ready to relocate.

    People find it helpful if they spend some time preparing for the work they will do in basic training before they get an official date. Many prospective soldiers focus on physical activities such as their ability to run a mile in less than ten minutes or perform a higher number of push-ups or sit-ups. It is also important for them to consider the mental and psychological aspects. People may want to read the Uniform Code of Military Justice, reporting and saluting procedures, and work on retaining information over time.

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