Commissioned Officers: Appointment How Made Term
Appointments of reserve officers in commissioned grades of lieutenant colonel and commander or below, except commissioned warrant officer, shall be made by the President alone. Appointments of reserve officers in commissioned grades above lieutenant colonel and commander shall be made by the President, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate, except as provided in section 624, 12213, or 12214 of this title .
Subject to the authority, direction, and control of the President, the Secretary of Defense may appoint as a reserve commissioned officer any regular officer transferred from the active-duty list of an armed force to the reserve active-status list of a reserve component under section 647 of this title , notwithstanding the requirements of subsection .
Appointments of Reserves in commissioned grades are for an indefinite term and are held during the pleasure of the President.
inserted “, except as provided in section 3352 of this title ” after “consent of the Senate”.
Effective Date of 2004 Amendment
Amendment by Pub. L. 108375 effective on the first day of the first month beginning more than 180 days after Oct. 28, 2004, see section 501 of Pub. L. 108375, set out as a note under section 531 of this title .
Effective Date of 1996 Amendment
Effective Date of 1994 Amendment
Effective Date of 1980 Amendment
Amendment by effective Sept. 15, 1981, see section 701 of Pub. L. 96513, set out as a note under section 101 of this title .
Delegation of Functions
How To Join The Army Reserve
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Joining the Army Reserves has many benefits, including being able to live anywhere you want while still serving your country. You can also attend school or pursue a career while in the Army Reserves, and will receive education, medical, and retirement benefits. If you are interested in receiving military training and benefits while living a primarily civilian lifestyle, the Army Reserves may be perfect for you!
What Kind Of Benefits Will I Earn
For your commitment to the National Guard or military reserves, youll receive many benefits including:
Joining the National Guard or military reserves can be a great way to serve your country without leaving your full-time job. Once you decide to join, you can learn more about your new community. See Military OneSources New to the Military resources. Military OneSource can answer your questions about military life. Call 800-342-9647 or connect via Live Chat 24/7/365. OCONUS/International? View calling options.
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S For Joining The Military
Start by doing some research about your options for joining the military. Learn about the six active-duty branches and their part-time counterparts. Know the main differences between officers and enlisted members. And explore the career fields you can enter for each branch.
Once you know which branch youre considering, contact a recruiter. A recruiter will give you an overview and answer your questions about that service. If youre interested in more than one branch, contact a recruiter for each. If youre interested in joining as an officer, the recruiter will explain any options you may be eligible for.
If you decide to enlist, you will report to a military entrance processing station . Youll spend a day or two completing pre-enlistment steps. These include taking the ASVAB, having a physical exam, meeting with a career counselor, and if youre accepted, taking the oath of enlistment. From there youll receive orders for basic training, usually to start within a few weeks. If you enrolled in a delayed entry program, youll go home and get orders for basic training within a year.
Reserve Entrance Programs For Those Who’ve Served Before
There are different programs that allow you to affiliate with the Navy Reserve. Your eligibility for these programs depends upon your prior service background, how long its been since you were discharged from service, and a variety of other factors. As a military veteran, you should refer to the Reserve entrance program that best applies to you.
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Army Reserve Officer: Direct Commission
The alternative to OCS is applying for a direct commission as an officer, according to the U.S. Army. An Army reserve officer can receive a direct commission if they enlist with impressive skills that meet the Army reserve jobs in demand. Direct commission is an option in several specialty fields, including:
- U.S. Army medical department
- Judge Advocate General Corps. A JAG is a military lawyer, dealing with civil and military law.
- Army Chaplain Corps
- Army Cyber, the military cyberwarfare and security department
Each specialty has its own requirements. To become a JAG, for example, you must be at least 21 years old, although you can be as old as 38. You must have your law degree and be a member of the bar. You still have to meet Army physical fitness standards, but you can forgo basic training.
How Much Do You Get Paid In Reserves
There are three-year reserve exemptions for E1s and E2/E21s whose service time has been over two years. Those earning $50,000 in salary are eligible for the E-1 award, which is equal to less first four months of military service than subsequent months. The same Reservist with more service time makes $3,639 at Army Reserves, Army Training Center and other colleges and universities.
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Common Questions About Army Officers
How long does it take to become an Officer?
It depends on which path you choose. If you choose to become an Officer through the Army Reserve Officers Training Corps or the U.S. Military Academy at West Point, youll become an Officer after completing four years of college. Through Officer Candidate School , youre commissioned as an Army second lieutenant after completing the 12-week course, but you still need to earn a four-year degree from an accredited university. If you join through direct commission, youre automatically an Officer when you enter the Army, but your commission may still be dependent upon completion of specific courses and certifications related to your branch.
What is the salary like for Army Officers? Are there additional benefits?
Army Officer salaries are generally comparable with mid-level to senior-level corporate executives. Officers are also eligible for other benefits such as Army housing and health care, which can have additional financial value.
Do I need a college degree to become an Army Officer?
Yes, the one basic requirement to become an Officer is that you must have a bachelors degreenot necessarily at the start of the process, but by the time youre commissioned as an Officer. If you dont have a degree yet, the Green to Gold program is a way for enlisted Soldiers to earn a commission as an Army Officer after completing a bachelors degree or a two-year graduate degree.
Get in Touch.
How Do I Apply
Once youve found a role within the unit you want to join and your application has been received and your basic eligibility assessed, youll need to complete the following steps:
Complete an online medical questionnaire
Have an interview with your Careers Adviser
Complete a 2-day assessment, which includes a full medical assessment and basic numeracy and literacy tests
Once youve been offered employment, youll start your initial training
If you want to know more:
- visit your local Army Careers Centre where a careers advisor will arrange visits to the units youre interested in
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Can A Reservist Be An Officer
It is a requirement for every officer in the Air Force Reserve to have earned a college degree before receiving a commission. During a basic training course, an enlisted personnel may graduate as an officer. A commissioned officer can be added to an Air Force Reserve Officer Training Corps officer list upon graduation.
How Do I Become A Pilot In The Reserve Or National Guard
The Air National Guard also offers flight training. Candidates first undergo the pilot candidate selection method . You will take the Basic Attributes Test with the Air Force Officer Qualifying Test . Any private flying time is taken into consideration. As of January 2000, all candidates are required to have a private pilot’s license. If you do not have one, the good news is that, if you qualify, the Air Force will fund flying training in your local area, with an Air Force-approved flying training instructor.
The next step would be to attend the Air National Guard Academy of Military Science at McGhee Tyson Air National Guard Base in Knoxville, Tennessee, for a six-week commissioning program. As a new second lieutenant, all pilot candidates attend specialized undergraduate pilot training for 52 weeks. After graduation, pilots attend training for the aircraft they will be flying in their Air National Guard unit this lasts from 8-20 weeks.
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How Do I Apply For Ocs
If you have a four-year college degree from an accredited college and meet all age, physical and moral requirements, you may apply for OCS. The application process includes scoring well on the ASVAB and passing your physical. Your SAT or ACT scores also will be needed. Upon completion of your officer package, you will have an interview with a board of your superior officers. The completed package will be submitted to a second board, which will select the top candidates from the packages they receive.
What Is An Army Reserve Officer
Army Reserve officers command soldiers in Army Reserve units where they plan and deliver training, whilst providing support to the Regular Army when needed. In addition to training, they may be involved in everything from helping the local community to peacekeeping missions overseas.
Reservist Officers are paid for the time they spend serving, but it’s about much more than just the money. They get opportunities to travel and experience things, that as a civilian, simply aren’t available. Plus, earn qualifications and promotions as they develop as an officer.
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What Is A Warrant Officer
Warrant officers are found in the Army, Army Reserve and Army National Guard. The definition is an officer appointed by warrant by the secretary of the Army, based on a sound level of technical and tactical competence. The warrant officer is the highly specialized expert and trainer who, by gaining progressive levels of expertise and leadership, operates, maintains, administers and manages the Army’s equipment, support activities or technical systems for an entire career.
The warrant officer option is open if you currently are ranked an E-5 or higher in the Army National Guard , a soldier in the Army Reserve or if you are transitioning into the Guard or Reserve from active duty.
You are eligible for the warrant officer program if you:
- Are between the ages of 18 and 46
- Score 110 or above on the General Aptitude Area Test
- Are a high school graduate or pass the General Educational Development test
- Are a U.S. citizen by birth or naturalization
- Successfully pass all events on the Army physical fitness test
- Meet certain mandatory technical qualifications for your specific MOS
- Meet certain medical, security and licensing requirements
If you are applying to the warrant officer program to be a rotary wing aviator, you must not be older than 27 years, 6 months at time of application.
To be commissioned as a warrant officer, it is necessary to complete the Warrant Officer Candidate School .
As a member of the Guard or Reserve, you have two options for completing this training:
Officers Army Reserve: Transfer From Army National Guard Of The United States
Under such regulations as the Secretary of the Army may prescribe, and with the consent of the governor or other appropriate authority of the State concerned, an officer of the Army National Guard of the United States may be transferred in grade to the Army Reserve.
Unless discharged from his appointment as a Reserve, an officer of the Army National Guard of the United States whose Federal recognition as a member of the Army National Guard is withdrawn becomes a member of the Army Reserve. An officer who so becomes a member of the Army Reserve ceases to be a member of the Army National Guard of the United States.
|66 Stat. 503 .|
In subsection , the words “at any time”, “of any person”, and “from the National Guard of the United States or from the Air National Guard of the United States” are omitted as surplusage. The words “highest regular or reserve grade ever held by him in the Army” are substituted for the words “highest permanent grade previously held in the Army or any component thereof”, since “permanent” grades are held only in a component and there are no “non-permanent” grades held in a component.
In subsection , the words “appointment as a Reserve” are substituted for the words “appointment or * * * as a Reserve officer or”. The words “whose Federal recognition as a member * * * is withdrawn” are substituted for the words “ceases to hold a status as a federally recognized member”.
section 3352 of this title as this section.
Effective Date of 1996 Amendment
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What Are The Qualifications To Join The Reserves And National Guard
The following are the basic requirements for joining. You must:
- Be a U.S. citizen or nationalized to be a Reserve or National Guard officer.
- To enlist, you must be a U.S. citizen or a resident alien.
- Age requirements differ between branches of service, but in general, you must be between the ages of 17-35 with no prior service . The Guard experimented with raising the age to 42 but reverted to the lower age in 2011. Note: Seventeen-year-olds need parental consent. Or between the ages of 17 and 59 for those with prior service and are able to complete 20 years of creditable service for retirement by age 60.
- Take and pass the Armed Services Vocational Aptitude Battery test.
- Pass an Armed Forces physical examination.
- Must be available for initial active duty training.
- Must agree to participate in an initial tour of active duty training of at least 12 weeks.
Requirements For Joining The Military
The U.S. military has six branches of service: the Army, Navy, Air Force, Coast Guard, Marine Corps, and Space Force. The requirements to join are similar for all six. The main differences are in age limits, test scores, and fitness levels. Men and women meet different fitness standards. Besides the requirements listed here, a branch may have other requirements.
Age Limits for Enlisting
You must be at least 17 to enlist in any branch of the active military. The oldest you can be to enlist for active duty in each branch is:
Coast Guard: 31
Air Force: 39
Space Force: 39
Some branches have different age limits for their part-time Reserve and National Guard. Visit each service’s recruiting website for its part-time age limits.
Requirements for Enlisting If You Are Not a U.S. Citizen
You do not have to be a U.S. citizen to enlist in the military, but you may have fewer options. If you are not a U.S. citizen, you must:
Have a permanent resident card, also known as a Green Card
Currently live in the U.S.
Speak, read, and write English fluently
Educational and Testing Requirements for Enlisting
Your scores on four of those make up your Armed Forces Qualification Test score. This score determines which branch you may join. Each branch has its own lowest score for joining.
Your scores on all 10 subtests determine which job specialties you qualify for.
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How To Join The Army As An Officer
There are opportunities for enlisted soldiers to become officers in the United States Army once they have gained experience in the service, however this is not the only route to officer ranks. Those who want to join the Army as officers have four pathways that give commissions upon joining the service. These pathways are open to students, graduates and people working in selected professions.
Have Completed At Least Grade 10 Or Secondaire Iv In Qubec
For more information about eligibility requirements or the application process, please visit Joining the Forces.
You can submit your application even if you are not sure about the job-specific requirements. Once we get your application, well work with you to determine if you qualify. If you have questions at any time throughout the process or youd like to know which part-time jobs are available in your area, you can visit our Help Centre.
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How Do I Choose My Military Occupational Specialty
You can request any MOS for which you qualify. The results of your ASVAB determine what specialties you are eligible to request. Some of the more popular areas may have a waiting list when speaking to a recruiter, be sure to inquire if there is a wait. Be aware that some waiting periods for certain MOSs range from a few months to more than two years. You must have a minimum of 30 months remaining on your enlistment before you can enter any school for an additional MOS. If the school you want has a very lengthy wait, you may need to extend your enlistment a number of months to bring the total left on your enlistment to 30 months.