Editor PicksHow Much Does The Government Spend On Military

How Much Does The Government Spend On Military

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Congress And The Department Of Defense

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The Department of Defense is not the most efficient spender out there, and they know this. About a third of their budget is spent on just maintaining equipment and personnel. By 2024, rising retirement costs are predicted to soak up the DoDs budget completely. In their efforts to save money, the DoD could and should reduce spending in personnel and maintenance, such as the number of civilians it employs, the amount of benefits per soldier, and the number of operating military bases. But Congress has proven to be a stumbling block in these endeavors. For one, theyre hesitant to shut down military bases because it will cost the locale numerous jobs. Theyre also hesitant to approve pay cuts, afraid it will discourage people from joining the military and therefore cripple our national security the same goes for downsizing the military, which is another way the DoD could improve its budget.

What Is Most Of The Taxpayer Money That Goes To The Military Spent On

Of the $690 billion, the largest spending category was operation and maintenance with $279 billion in tax dollars. This category covered the cost of military operations, which includes training, planning, and maintaining equipment. In addition, it funded the military healthcare system. The second-largest spending category was military personnel with $161 billion. This refers to the pay and retirement benefits service members receive.

Coming in third was the cost of procurement of weapons and systems at $139 billion. Following this was $100 billion for the research and development of equipment and weapons.

What Does The Future Of Social Security And Medicare Look Like

Each year, the Social Security and Medicare Boards of Trustees publish theirAnnual Reporton the financial status of Social Security and Medicare. The Boardsâ projections indicate that spending will continue to increase. As the average age of Americans increases, more funding is needed to support entitlement programs like Social Security, Medicare, and retirement and disability services for both military and civil servants. In 2020, the cost of the Social Security and Medicare programs was$2.03 trillion.

The majority of Social Security and Medicare funding comes from tax revenue and interest on trust fund reserves. For2020, income for these programs was$2.02 trillion. However, costs exceeded revenue starting in 2018 for Medicare Part A and are expected to exceed revenue beginning in 2021 for Social Security. This will require the federal government to begin drawing down trust fund balances in order to continue paying full benefits. While Medicare Parts B and D are largely funded by general revenues and beneficiary premiums, the Boards project that Medicare Part A trust fund will be depleted by 2026and the Social Security trust fund will be depleted by2034.

It is important to note that these projections do not include the possible impacts the COVID-19 pandemic may have on the Social Security and Medicare programs.

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Contractors Are The Biggest Winners

Almost no one wants to risk being seen as the person who cuts the defense budget: 88 senators voted in favor of the defense authorization for fiscal year 2022, and only 11 voted against. Over the past 60 years, the defense spending bill has passed each year with bipartisan support.

The military-industrial complex has been shaping Washington for almost a century. Contractors are the biggest winners, says Hartung of the Center for International Policy, who pointed out that about half the budget goes to contractors, who are outsourced to do everything from logistics to office support, intelligence work and private security. According to the Congressional Research Service, there are 464,500 full-time contractors working for the Defense Department.

The role of lobbying cant be overstated. The defense industry spent $98.9 million lobbying so far in 2021, according to Open Secrets. Lockheed Martin, one of the largest five military companies in the country, has a presence in every state, a strategy that defangs critics.

Theres also the millions of dollars each year that military contractors donate to Washington think tanks. Many experts who regularly appear in the media are on the defense industry dole, according to the Intercept. Lawmakers who receive campaign donations from defense interests are more likely to vote to increase spending.

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    The Department Of Defense Base Budget

    The Department of Defense is the government body to which all military branches except the Coast Guard belong. Heres what they do with their piece of the military budget:

    • Healthcare, retirement, housing, and other benefits. Considering all of these, the average enlisted personnel in the military gets about $59,000 in compensation while officers get around $108,000.
    • Trim down unnecessary infrastructure to save money.
    • Missile defense, both nationally and regionally.
    • Programs within individual military branches, such as the Joint Strike Fighter program of the Air Force.
    • The training of security forces in the Middle East to help hold ground against ISIS.
    • Replenishing maritime security efforts in Asia.
    • Improving cyber security.
    • Staying involved in the North Atlantic Treaty Organization .

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    How Many People Live In A Political Democracy Today

    Governments come in all shapes and sizes, but can ultimately be divided into two broad categories: democracies and autocracies.

    Using the Regimes of the World classification system developed by political scientists Anna Lührmann, Marcus Tannenberg, and Staffan Lindberg and data from V-Dem, its estimated that 2.3 billion peopleabout 29% of the global populationlived in a democracy in 2021.

    To see how this split has changed over time, the chart from Our World in Data, which uses data from the aforementioned sources, highlights how many people have lived under political democracies versus autocracies since the 18th century.

    We Must Stop Showering The Military With Money

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    By Farhad Manjoo

    Opinion Columnist

    Last month, Senator Joe Manchin, the West Virginia Democrat who has frustrated much of President Bidens policy agenda, released a statement confirming what hed been hinting for weeks. He would not vote for the Build Back Better Act, the Democrats $2.2 trillion 10-year plan to address climate change and invest in child care, health care and education. Manchin argued it would increase inflation, harm the electricity grid and hamper national security and was simply just too mammoth and sweeping to support.

    I have always said, If I cant go back home and explain it, I cant vote for it, he said.

    I dont doubt the political wisdom of Manchins pledge to support only what he can explain. I do wonder, though, how he applies his maxim to a far more mammoth, more sweeping piece of the federal budget: the nearly three-quarters of a trillion dollars that we are spending this year on a military that has become the epitome of governmental dysfunction, self-dealing and overspending.

    Given all the challenges we face at home, does it make any sense to keep spending so many hundreds of billions on the Pentagon? And even just in terms of fighting wars, can anyone be satisfied with the way the military is managing its funds? The Pentagon has never passed an audit and says it may not be able to until 2028.

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    All Our Charts On Military Spending

    These visualizations provide an overview of military expenditure in the world today.

    Absolute spending

    The pie chart shows that world military expenditure in 2014 was dominated by the United States. The US spent 581 Billion US-$ more than the following nine countries combined.

    The second biggest spender is China. On places 3 to 5 follow Saudi Arabia, Russia and the United Kingdom.

    Top ten military expenditures in US$ Bn., 2014 International Institute for Strategic Studies1

    Military spending as share of GDP

    The map displays military expenditure as a percentage of GDP. In 2017, both Saudi Arabia and Oman spent more than 10% of their GDP on their military.

    Another country that ranks highly, but for which data is not available in this dataset is North Korea. It is estimated that North Korea spent roughly one-third of their national income on defence.2

    Military spending is intimately linked to war. In times of peace, few countries spend more than 5% of GDP on their military, choosing instead to maintain their capabilities and make use of their armies in other ways.

    Military Expenditure Share Of Gdp

    This first list is a list of countries by military expenditure share of GDPmore specifically, a list of the top 15 countries by percentage share in recent yearsthe amount spent by a nation on its military as a share of its GDP.

    The second list presents this as a share of the general government expenditure. The first list is sourced from the SIPRI for the year 2019 and from Military Balance 2017 published by International Institute for Strategic Studies for the year 2016. The second list is sourced only from the SIPRI for the year 2019.

    None of the following analyze Cuba, Eritrea, Libya, North Korea, or Syria, because although they likely would make the list, there is not enough information available to properly determine an exact statistic for their military spending as a percentage of GDP.

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    Spending On International Affairs

    The second is spending on international affairs. In 2020, the shelled-out value was $68 billion.

    Activities such as delegating humanitarian assistance and supporting international development are included in this spending. It directly influences political and economic relationships and developments with other countries. Thus, it can indirectly affect future defense spending on military activities.

    How Much Does The Us Spend On Military

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    The U.S. military budget is the amount of money allocated to the Department of Defense and other defense agencies each year for military spending. It comes from the discretionary federal budget and will equal about $773.5 billion for Fiscal Year 2017. The budget is divided up between different operations and departments within the DOD and between the various military branches.

    There are three types of federal spending: mandatory, discretionary, and interest on debt. Discretionary spending is set by Congress after an analysis of annual appropriations. In FY 2015, 29 percent of all federal funds were discretionary, and 54 percent of these went to the military.

    To further emphasize just how much money is poured into the military each year, the only expenditure that surpasses the military is Social Security.

    So, once the military has all this money, how do they spend it among st themselves? Well, for the Fiscal Year 2013, the money within the military budget was allotted accordingly:

    Components

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    Economic Downturn Leads To More Nato Members Passing The Spending Target

    Nearly all members of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization saw their military burden rise in 2020. As a result, 12 NATO members spent 2 per cent or more of their GDP on their militaries, the Alliances guideline spending target, compared with 9 members in 2019. France, for example, the 8th biggest spender globally, passed the 2 per cent threshold for the first time since 2009.

    Although more NATO members spent more than 2 per cent of GDP on their militaries in 2020, in some cases this probably had more to do with the economic fallout of the pandemic than a deliberate decision to reach the Alliances spending target, said Lopes da Silva, Researcher with the SIPRI Arms and Military Expenditure Programme.

    Military Spending In The United States

    In fiscal year 2015, military spending is projected to account for 54 percent ofall federal discretionary spending, a total of $598.5 billion. Military spending includes: all regular activities of the Department of Defense war spending nuclear weapons spending international military assistance and other Pentagon-related spending.

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    Nuclear Warheads Currently In Possession By Countries

    The signing of the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons brought about a rapid disarmament of nuclear warheads. Though not immediately successful in stopping nuclear proliferation, it eventually led to countries retiring most of their nuclear arsenals.

    As of 2022, about 12,700 nuclear warheads are still estimated to be in use, of which more than 9,400 are in military stockpiles for use by missiles, aircraft, ships and submarines.

    Heres a look at the nine nations that currently have nuclear warheads in their arsenal:

    Country
    9,44012,705

    The U.S. and Russia are by far the two countries with the most nuclear warheads in military stockpiles, with each having close to 4,000 in possession.

    How Is The Defense Budget Allocated

    How much money is wasted in the defense budget

    The majority of the overall defense budget, $690 billion in FY2020, was spent by the Department of Defense on military activities. The remaining $34 billion was spent on defense-related activities carried out by other agencies, such as the Department of Energy and the Federal Bureau of Investigation.

    Breaking down the $690 billion, we find that it supported a broad range of activities. The largest category, operation and maintenance, cost $279 billion in 2020. It covers the cost of military operations such as training and planning, maintenance of equipment, and most of the military healthcare system . The second largest category, military personnel, supports the pay and retirement benefits for service members and cost $161 billion in 2020.

    Several smaller categories accounted for the rest of DoD spending. Procurement of weapons and systems cost $139 billion in 2020 and nearly $100 billion was spent on research and development of weapons and equipment. The military also spent over $10 billion on the construction and management of military facilities, such as barracks and family housing, and $1 billion on a number of miscellaneous activities.

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    Its Time To Rein In Inflated Military Budgets

    In an era of pandemics and climate change, we need to reconsider what national security means

    The devastating impact of the coronavirus pandemic and its economic fallout provide ample reason to reconsider what truly constitutes national security.

    Such a reassessment is long overdue. Despite the trillions of dollars Congress and successive administrations have lavished on the Pentagon since the turn of the century, the massive U.S. arsenal and fighting force deployed worldwide are powerless against grave, nonmilitary threats to national securityfrom a raging pandemic to the fact that tens of millions of Americans breathe foul air, drink tainted water, and struggle to pay for food, housing and health care.

    When it comes to U.S. spending priorities, the numbers seem especially misguided in an era of tight budgets to come. By the Department of Defenses own accounting, taxpayers spent $13.34 trillion on the U.S. military from 2000 through fiscal year 2019 in inflation-adjusted 2020 dollars. Add to that another $3.18 trillion for the Veterans Administration, and the yearly average comes to a whopping $826 billion.

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    To put this example of managerial malfeasance in context, these canceled programs collectively cost more than the federal government spent on the Environmental Protection Agency over the last five years.

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    What Percent Of Federal Budget Is Defense

    4.1/5defense budgetdefensespending

    Beside this, what percent of the federal budget is spent on defense?

    54 percent

    Additionally, how much of the defense budget is payroll? One quarter of U.S. military budget funds personnel. It cost the Pentagon $153 billion to cover salary and benefits for U.S. forces in 2012. That’s up 28 percent since 2000. Personnel costs consume about a quarter of the U.S. defense budget — $153 billion in fiscal 2012.

    Secondly, what percentage of the federal budget is entitlements?

    Entitlement programs such as Social Security and Medicare make up the bulk of mandatory spending. Together they account for nearly 50 percent of the federal budget.

    Is there a federal budget for 2020?

    The United States federal budget for fiscal year 2020 runs from October 1, 2019 to September 30, 2020.

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    World Military Spending Rises To Almost $2 Trillion In 2020

    Total global military expenditure rose to $1981 billionlast year, an increase of 2.6 per cent in real terms from 2019, according to new data published today by the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute . The five biggest spenders in 2020, which together accounted for 62 per cent of global military expenditure, were the United States, China, India, Russia and the United Kingdom. Military spending by China grew for the 26th consecutive year.

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