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Women In The Russian Military
This article is part of the CSIS executive education program Understanding the Russian Military Today.
From the all-women Death Battalion led by Maria Bochkareva in the Russian Revolution, to the 588th Night Bomber Regiment, dubbed the Night Witches by the Nazis they fought in World War II, lore of women defending the Motherland is well-known among Russians. Yet, in modern day Russia, a fairly low number of women serve in the military, despite an expanded force structure approaching one million active duty personnel. Why is this the case? In this piece, I argue that traditional gender roles that emphasize reproduction and high-level doubts about female competency are key factors limiting the role of women in the Russian Armed Forces. Barring a shortage of military-aged males, Moscows cost-benefit analysis is unlikely to change, and increased female representation in the Russian militarywhether in proportion or scoperemains improbable in the near term.
Two Years Ago I Finally Started Serving As My True Self
Staff Sgt. Kate Cole, Army, 2008-Present
I served in the Army for nine years as someone else. About two years ago, I was able to start serving openly as a transgender woman. Ive faced discrimination since Ive come out and lost some friends, but it has been worth it. Ive gained a lot personally and professionally and have become part of a community that is open and willing to embrace change. Ive had several soldiers tell me Ive changed their views on not only transgender service members but also female service members being in combat arms.
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Armed Forces Are The Only Government Entity Where Youre Assured A Pension On Retirement
Earlier women joined the Army for a short period of time in which pension and other benefits were unavailable. But, in 2010, the Delhi High Court granted women permanent commission in the Army which includes added benefits. Well, thats good news since your finances even after retirement are secured.
What Military Life Is Like For A Woman
I knew military life was going to be difficult. Before joining, I’d only talked to males about the Army, and they all pretty much said the same stuff:
- “There’s a lot of PT .”
- “You’re gonna get very tired.”
- : “It’s not that bad.”
No offense, guys, but I’d say the ego got in the way of the truth. But to be honest, Basic Training was just bad, not overly terrible. Even though the guys’ comments showed a knack for understatement, I really did expect it to be worse. There were times when I thought I was going to die, but there were also times when I thought everything was too easy.
And, in case you’re wondering, Basic Training is harder physically for a female than it is for a male.
Push-ups are easier for males, and the Army is all about its push-ups. Ruck marches are also easier for males.
But, in sit-ups we are equals! I can honestly say that I could probably beat most guys in sit-ups. I can even say I know one woman who can do 112 sit-ups in two minutes. Just think: she’s almost pumping out one sit-up per second. Amazing, isn’t it?
Unexpected Things That Made Basic Training Terrible
Ruck sacks are heavy.
Two unexpected things make Basic Training terrible for females: other females and ruck marches.
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Women For Combat Roles
Following the disbandment of the WRAC in 1992, women were absorbed into the rest of the Army. But they were still largely restricted to support and medical positions.
Combat roles remained closed to the vast majority of female soldiers until 2016, despite the fact that women had already been present at the front for some time. Six women were killed in action in Iraq , and another three in Afghanistan . Some women had even served as combat medics and shown bravery under fire.
Much of the debate about female combat centred on the impact of gender integration on battle effectiveness. Many questioned whether female physical and psychological characteristics were suitable for combat, rather than looking at their overall contributions to teams and units.
Gender Equality Job Equality
Most of the women we spoke with strongly believe that the military should be like any other job field: All opportunities should be open to both men and women. To keep someone out of something… or restrict them when they’re capable still doesn’t make sense to me,” explains Air Force Captain Kristen Franke. Banning women from certain jobs, she says, is as archaic as the Don’t Ask, Don’t Tell policy.
Critics, of course, have expressed concerns about women being able to do the job, particularly for front-line positions. But, according to the Service Women’s Action Network , even though women arent technically allowed to serve in combat roles, theyve been unofficially doing so for quite some time, particularly because in modern warfare, there is no traditional front line.
“Women may not be out kicking doors down, but they are still vulnerable to getting attacked and fighting back with the units of convoys, vulnerable bases, and out on missions,” says Tarren Windham, Hospital Corpsman First Class for the Navy and Marines.
Perhaps the most important argument for maintaining gender equality at every level is that its necessary to truly enable women to have successful careers within the military. “Many of the positions currently banning women are necessary for career development and success, says a SWAN representative. SWAN has dubbed this the brass ceiling that the combat exclusion policy places over women’s advancement in the Armed Services.”
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I Took Off My Helmet So They Could See I Was A Girl Too
Lt. Kimberly Herm, Navy, 2009-Present
I was deployed to Kunar Province, Afghanistan, in 2012. As a civil engineer, my job was to oversee construction projects like schools, roads, bridges and canals. Sometimes we would visit the schools while classes were going on, and the girls would be scared and try to hide. When this happened, I would take off my helmet and sunglasses so they could see I was a girl too. Their reaction would immediately change, and they would all focus on my every move, looking away, laughing and blushing if I looked at them. I have always hoped that my presence there, as a female engineer trying to improve their schools, had a positive impact on these young girls.
Lauren Katzenberg is the editor of the The Times Magazines At War channel. For more stories about the experiences and costs of war, .
The Whole Office Saw A Video Of Me Naked
Petty Officer First Class Liberty Law, Navy, 2004-Present
In 2006, a male shipmate got into my barracks room and placed a camera in my bathroom and set it to record. I found it only after getting out of the shower. I took the camera to my male chief, whom I had known for only about a month. He assured me that he would get to the bottom of it. By lunchtime, the strange looks from everyone became obvious. Another shipmate told me that everyone in the company office had passed the camera around and saw the video of me naked, getting into and out of the shower.
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Submit Your Application 4medical Exam
You will then take a two part medical exam: First there is a questionnaire on your medical history including specific information on your medication. Then the medical staff will conduct a physical exam to measure your height, weight, evaluate your vision, colour perception and hearing. The second step is a medical file review to determine any limitations that will affect your training and career.
Sexual Assault Is A Real Threat
Of all the risks to women in the military, sexual assault is the most widely publicized. While male soldiers are also at risk, women have a heightened risk in comparison.
The risk is highest for those stationed on ships at some high-risk installations studied in 2014, 10% of women were assaulted and that’s only what was reported. At the two most dangerous, 15% of women were assaulted. The risk is much lower for most military bases, but because studies are done after the fact, it’s impossible to know which bases are the most dangerous currently.
All branches of the military have been working to improve these sobering stats, but between 2016 and 2018, the number of assaults actually increased. Some of the pinpointed factors included alcohol use and off-base parties. Victims also had certain common qualities, like joining the military at a younger age and having a prior history of sexual abuse.
On average, one in 17 civilian women will be sexually assaulted in the US. For military women ages 17 to 20, the risk is one in eight, and around 25% of women report sexual harassment at some point during their time of service.
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Submit Your Application 1submit Your Application
You will then need to present original copies of your birth certificate, government issued photo ID, transcripts from your highest level of education, proof of trade qualifications and professional licenses, and any additional forms required for the trade or job you selected. All overseas education must be presented with a Canadian equivalency from Alliance of Credential Evaluation Services of Canada
Britain’s Most Famous Ww2 Agent
Violette Bushell was a shop girl who became one of Britains most famous Second World War secret agents.
Asked by her mother to find a homesick French soldier to bring home for a Bastille Day dinner in London, she was just 19 when she met Étienne Szabo, a Foreign Legion officer.
He became her husband and his death inspired her to become a spy. Violettes bravery won her the George Cross and in 1945 it cost her her life.
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Reasons Women Should Consider Joining The Indian Armed Forces
India has one of the largest armies in the world, and for the longest time it had women only in medical and educational roles. It was in 1992 when the Army opened all its doors for women, and since then, the number of women in the Army has been on the rise. Now, women are offered diverse and lucrative roles in the Armed Forces suggesting that this is probably the best time to join. Read on as we tell you why.
Qualifications For A Woman To Join The Us Army
The U.S. Army is available to all American citizens who qualify. Women in the Army are allowed to go on combat missions, as of March 2011. If you are a woman considering enlisting, you may wonder what the qualifications are for a woman to join the Army. This information will allow you to go into the recruiter’s office knowing what to expect.
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Apply For A Mos After Training
Once you enlist, you’ll report to basic training followed by individual training. Basic training involves passing physical tests, such as completing a certain number of sit-ups and push-ups and running a distance within a timed limit. After basic training, you’ll apply for a MOS based on your line scores from your ASVAB. U.S. Army officials will determine which MOS and job suits you, then assign you to individual training for that occupation. Training could take up to 30 weeks depending on the MOS.
Kuwaiti Army Allows Women In Combat Roles But Without Guns
Defence ministry says women joining military need permission of male guardian and must wear head covering
Kuwaiti women are angry after the military, having allowed female soldiers to take combat roles, decided they need the permission of a male guardian and banned them from carrying weapons.
Activists have decried the policy as one step forward, two steps back after the defence ministry also decided that women in the armed forces, unlike civilians, must wear head coverings.
I dont know why there are these restrictions to join the army, said Ghadeer al-Khashti, a sports teacher and member of Kuwait Football Associations women committee. We have all kinds of women working in all fields, including the police force.
She said her mother had helped the resistance when the Iraqi dictator Saddam Hussein invaded Kuwait in 1990 and occupied it for seven months before being pushed out by a US-led international coalition.
My mum during the Iraqi invasion used to hide weapons under her abaya and transport them to members of Kuwaits resistance, and my father encouraged it, said Khashti. I dont understand on what basis they see women as weak.
The ministry decided in October to allow women in combat roles but then imposed the restrictions after the defence minister was questioned by a conservative lawmaker Hamdan al-Azmi.
Azmi, emboldened by an Islamic religious edict, or fatwa, argued that having women in combat roles does not fit with a womans nature.
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Side Effects Can Take Years To Show Up
It’s possible that even women who leave the military feeling healthy will feel the consequences of hard, physical labor later in life.
Some female veterans have reported issues like osteoporosis, muscle atrophy, low endurance and infertility, which they believe to be the result of their time in the military.
I Designed The Marine Corps Reserves Centennial Campaign
Gunnery Sgt. Elizabeth Inglese, Marine Corps, 2000-12 Marine Corps Reserve, 2013-Present
I was the sole graphic designer for the 100th anniversary commemoration of the Marine Corps Reserve. My design work appeared across the United States, including in Times Square, in the National World War II Museum in New Orleans, at the Navy Memorial Museum in Washington, as a permanent exhibit installed at the Pentagon and as the official donation box design for the 2016 Toys for Tots campaign.
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I Remember The Feeling Of Victory When I Made It Through The Day
Capt. Helen Perry, Army, 2011-16 Army Reserve, 2016-Present
I remember dropping my phone when they called to tell me that my husband, Matt, an active-duty Marine, had a seizure and his heart had stopped the result of a traumatic brain injury he received in Afghanistan. I remember the first time I watched him seize and the color of his lips as they turned an ominous shade of blue. I held his hand, despite the fact that he couldnt remember my name, or his name, or the year, or his family. The doctors told me his memory would come back . I remember the feeling of resentment as my senior leader advised me to get a divorce when I asked for a compassionate reassignment, so that I could get Matt to a hospital capable of taking care of him. I remember the frustration I felt as the Department of Veterans Affairs told me I didnt qualify for the same benefits as civilian spouses do because I was active duty. I remember the feeling of desperation when I was so burned out and depressed that I didnt think I could handle another day. I remember the feeling of victory when I made it through that day, and then the next, and all the hard days after that.
Being Beautiful And A Soldier
Staff Sgt. San Juanita Escobar, Texas Army National Guard, 2007-Present
I am currently Mrs. Texas Galaxy. When I was a National Guard recruiter, I came across many young women who said they couldnt join because they were too girlie. So I started to compete in beauty pageants again to prove that you can still be and feel beautiful and follow any career path you want.
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What Jobs Can Women Have In The Us Army
Women can join the U.S. Army if they meet physical standards. They also need to have a certain score on the Armed Services Vocational Aptitude Battery examination. As active-duty soldiers, women can train for jobs in intelligence, science, engineering, law, aviation and combat.
Dont Expect Special Treatment
The Army is the only place where women cannot expect special treatment because of their gender. If you decide to apply for army jobs for women, keep in mind that issues arising from menstruation and related female problems wont merit any special attention.
You wont be given special treatment just because youre a woman and may also experience uncomfortable situations in a male-dominated environment where no one expects lady-like treatment.
You wont have the time or energy to focus on your appearance, so keep it low-maintenance. Short hair is easy to manage, but if you choose to keep your hair long keep it neatly braided or tied into a bun. The upside is that, in most cases, youll be treated as an equal to your male peers.
During your Indian army female officers recruitment, youll want to be seen as an equally competent candidate for the army jobs for girls in the Indian Armed Forces as the men.
One of the most important lessons taught in the military training regimen is learning to be uncomfortable. A lot of the time youll have to live in inhospitable places to complete your missions and exercises and will not be provided with any luxuries during your training.
If youve decided to apply for army jobs for girls, your idea of life, relationships, family and everything else you believe in will change drastically as you start your Indian army career.
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