For Conditional Resident Status
The individual must:
- have proof that they entered the United States before the age of 16 and must have continuously lived in the country for at least 5 years.
- have graduated from a United States high school or obtained a GED in the US.
- demonstrate good moral character.
- pass criminal background checks
After having obtained and held conditional resident status, permanent residency may be granted if the following requirements have been met in a period of six years.
Dreamer Wanted To Become An American Soldier
Zion Dirgantara, a Dreamer whose fate is in the hands of Congress and the Trump administration, was… inspired to join the military after hearing President George W. Bush declare in a speech: “Are you with us or against us in this fight against terror?” Zion said, “From then, I knew where I stood.”
Zion Dirgantara is a Dreamer who wanted to fight for America. In this interview, he explains that was not possible until he received DACA . DACA granted work authorization and administrative relief from deportation to individuals who came to the United States before the age of 16, completed high school or were in school, and passed criminal background checks.
The Trump administration ended DACA in 2017, putting up to 800,000 young men, women and children at risk of deportation. A legislative battle has emerged between those who want to provide a permanent solution for people like Zion in exchange for more border security funding and those who want to use Zion and the lives of others like him as a bargaining chip to enact, among other things, the largest reduction in legal immigration since the 1920s national origins quotas, which were designed to keep out Jews, Italians and others. .
While we often hear about Dreamers, we dont often hear from them. Zion Dirgantara lives in Philadelphia. He was brought to America from Indonesia as a child. This interview provides an opportunity to hear directly from Zion Dirgantara.
Bills Harm Homeland Security And Immigration System
DREAM policies are also flawed because they ignore the effects on homeland security and American society. Both bills place a greater strain on homeland security efforts for which current U.S. citizens are paying and on which they rely. They incentivize future illegal immigration by rewarding it. They encourage one of the most dangerous forms of illegal immigrationthat of children. Gil Kerlikowske, the head of Customs and Border Protection, recently testified before Congress that the number of unaccompanied minors crossing the border has increased from 6,000 in fiscal year 2011 to 60,000 in FY 2014. He went on:
While I recognize and am sympathetic to the humanitarian obligations we give these young victims, we cannot ignore that policies are creating a gravitational pull so strong that parents are willing to support vile criminal networks, and to place their precious children in harms wayoutcomes this subcommittee cannot accept.
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Dreamers In The Military Face More Than Daca Deadline
On Sept. 5, the White House announced it was moving to end the Obama-era program that has protected people from deportation.
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Several hundred dreamers who enlisted in the Army through a special program are worried that they will be deported before they get to serve.
For most participants in the Obama administrations Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals program, or DACA, a countdown to an uncertain future began last week when Attorney General Jeff Sessions announced the program would be phased out beginning in March.
For DACA recipients in the military, that countdown began long ago, as they watched bureaucratic delays run down the clock on the number of days theyre allowed to wait between signing their contracts and shipping to basic training. Many are stuck in a limbo that means if their DACA permits expire before they ship, they will no longer be able to serve, forfeiting a chance at U.S. citizenship.
Its kind of messing up our lives, said John Anthony Sena, 20, a Filipino DACA recipient who signed his contract with the Army about a year and a half ago. If I dont ship out, its basically game over.
Meanwhile, the Washington Post has reported that U.S. Army recruiters have begun canceling enlistment contracts for foreign-born military recruits. That would change their immigration status and make them subject to deportation.
She blames the current state of the MAVNI program on xenophobia.
Current Federal Legislative Proposals
There are two versions of the Dream Act currently before Congress: the Dream Act of 2021 and a version of the Dream Act that is incorporated into a larger bill known as the Dream and Promise Act of 2021 .
The Dream Act of 2021 was introduced on February 4, 2021 in the Senate by Senators Dick Durbin and Lindsey Graham. The two senators introduced identical legislation in the previous two sessions of Congress.
The Dream and Promise Act of 2021 was introduced on March 3, 2021 in the House by Representative Lucille Roybal-Allard.
Both bills would provide path to citizenship for Dreamers. H.R. 6 would also provide a path to citizenship to beneficiaries of two humanitarian programs: Temporary Protected Status and Deferred Enforced Departure .
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Ignoring The Root Of The Problem
Ultimately, both H.R. 435 and H.R. 2377 are flawed because they ignore the central problems of illegal immigration while trying to deal with the effects. Rather than focusing on backdoor instant citizenship as a solution to its immigration woes, the U.S. should look to common-sense, step-by-step reforms that encourage lawful immigration and discourage unlawful immigration. Congress and the Administration should:
- Reject DREAM policies. While Americans are sympathetic to the plight of the DREAMers, any immigration reform that starts with amnesty further harms the rule of law and the U.S. immigration system. Solutions for DREAMers should be considered only after Congress and the Administration have a proven track record of stopping illegal immigration.
- Enforce the law. President Obama should reverse his ongoing and consistent abuse of executive authority to contradict and ignore large parts of immigration law. Congress should use all means at its disposal to pressure the Administration to faithfully enforce U.S. immigration law.
I Dream Of Serving In The Military But Cant Until Biden Reinstates A Program For Noncitizen Recruits
The MAVNI program has been in limbo since 2017.
President George W. Bush once said: Our identity as a nation unlike many other nations is not determined by geography or ethnicity, by soil or blood. Being an American involves the embrace of high ideals and civic responsibility.
Those words ring true to me. I was born in communist Romania and grew up in Spain, but only in America did I find my true home. I love this nation so deeply that Ive spent the last five years trying to join the U.S. military. Unfortunately, the program that allows immigrants to enlist in the armed forces Military Accessions Vital to the National Interest has been in limbo since 2017. As a result, roughly 4,000 noncitizen enlistees have been strung along or put at risk for deportation. And new would-be recruits have no way to join up. Its a devastating situation for those of us who dream of serving the United States, a significant loss to the armed forces, and a departure from time-honored military tradition.
But in 2017, the Trump administration froze the program, even though 2,400 MAVNI recruits with a signed contract were already drilling in reserve units, and 1,600 more were waiting to clear background checks. Many were told they would still be admitted only to fall out of legal status while waiting. Unable to work legally, these recruits struggled to make ends meet and lived at risk of deportation. They prayed the American military would honor its contracts.
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This Program Is Still In Flux And Is In The Courts: Https: //wwwwashingtonpostcom/local/public
Certain immigration benefits may be available to members of the U.S. armed forces and/or their immediate relatives. Unauthorized aliens may consider joining the military as a way to procuring status, but it is not a simple path.
Undocumented immigrants are generally barred from serving in the military, though occasionally an undocumented person might be allowed to join the armed forces in spite of this rule.
What is selective service? Should I sign up if I am undocumented?
The Selective Service means the military draft. Generally, all male residents between the ages of 18 and 26 must sign up.
The U.S. government considers you a resident even though you are undocumented, and even though undocumented immigrants cannot join the U.S. military. Therefore, according to the Selective Service, you should register within 30 days of your 18th birthday. Late registrations are accepted, but you can not register after age 26.
If you do not register, it could delay a future citizenship application until you are at least 31. Details about how to register are at the Selective Service website. There is a story here about the recent effort to encourage undocumented men to sign up.
There is no requirement to register for the draft as part of the DACA application, but DACA recipients should register so as not to jeopardize any future relief.
If I join the military, will I get citizenship?
Bills Would Not Demonstrably Promote National Security
Coffman argues that his H.R. 435 improves national security by increasing the pool of applicants for military service. While this is true on its face, it vastly overstates the case. The 2010 Census found that there were 30.7 million 18-to-24-year-olds in the U.S. On the other hand, the Department of Homeland Security estimates that the number of 18-to-24-year-old unlawful immigrants is around 1.3 million. Even if this figure is adjusted higher to combat undercounting, and even if all 18-to-24-year-old unlawful immigrants are assumed to be DREAMers, both bills would increase the total pool of young adults by no more than 5 percent. Furthermore, the military has almost completely met or exceeded its recruiting goals for at least the past two fiscal years.
If the Obama Administration will not enforce its own rules for DACA recipients, policymakers should be wary about trusting it to administer the extension of this program to the U.S. military.
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Secondary Review Process In Hr 6
In additional to the criminal bars listed above, H.R. 6 contains a secondary review process that would allow DHS to deny applications from individuals deemed to be threats to public safety and those who have participated within a gang in the last five years.
DHS would be allowed to conduct a secondary review of an application if the person has been convicted of any misdemeanor that is punishable by more than 30 days in jail, with exceptions as referenced above. A person is also subject to secondary review if the person has been the subject of a juvenile delinquency judgment and had to spend time in a detention facility. If DHS determines that the person is a threat to public safety, they can then deny the application.
DHS can also deny the application of a person that it determines has participated in a gang within the past five years. These determinations would be partially based on ICE databases known for being unreliable.
On February 8, over 270 organizations sent a letter to Congress expressing that the broad criminal bars and secondary review process included in the 2019 and now also in the 2021 bill would deny many otherwise eligible people, slow down implementation, and replicate the racial bias in the criminal justice system.
Obama Administration Plans To Let Some Young Undocumented Immigrants Join The Military
WASHINGTON — Pentagon officials have approved a policy that would allow a limited group of undocumented young people who came to the U.S. as children to enlist in the military, opening up a path for them to eventually become citizens, The Huffington Post has learned.
The move, which has not been formally announced by the Obama administration, would affect some of the roughly 550,000 undocumented young people granted the ability to remain in the country under the Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals program, many of whom have pled with the government to allow them to enlist.
Immigrants in the country legally can enlist in the military, and through their service, they can receive expedited naturalization as U.S. citizens. More than 89,000 service members have gained citizenship since September 2002, according to U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services. But young undocumented immigrants, often referred to as Dreamers, cannot currently enlist, even if they have been granted work authorization and the ability to remain in the country under DACA.
The Pentagon’s decision, though limited in scope, is likely to face criticism from some Republicans, who say undocumented immigrants should be ineligible for military service because they are in the U.S. without authorization and argue that they take jobs from would-be American service members. Rep. Steve King criticized the Enlist Act in April as a magnet for unauthorized immigration and dangerous for national security.
Mattis: Dreamers In The Military Are Protected From Deportation
WASHINGTON Defense Secretary Jim Mattis said Thursday that the roughly 900 undocumented immigrants serving in the U.S. military need not fret over their immigration status even if the program protecting them from deportation expires next month.
They will not be subject to any kind of deportation, Mattis told reporters at the Pentagon. Adding later, We would always stand by one of our people.
Servicemembers who were brought to the United States illegally as children and are registered in the Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals, or DACA, program would be allowed to remain in the nation unless they were convicted of a serious felony or a federal judge had already ordered them deported, Mattis said Thursday after speaking with Homeland Security Secretary Kirstjen Nielsen about the issue. Those protections also extend to the about 1,000 DACA program enrollees known as Dreamers who have committed to military service and are awaiting orders to ship to boot camp, as well as reservists and former servicemembers who have been discharged honorably.
The President Barack Obama-era DACA protections, which grant quasi-legal status to its enrollees, are set to expire March 5, leaving hundreds of thousands of undocumented immigrants brought to the United States as children vulnerable to deportation if Congress fails to forge an agreement to protect them.
I want to make sure we do not have any more problems with it, he said.
The Dream Act In The Ndaa: Wrong For National And Homeland Security
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Under current law, lawful permanent residents are eligible to volunteer to serve in the United States military. If they pass the strict qualification requirements applicable to all who seek to serve, they can serve in the armed forces of the United States, and once they are in the armed forces, they may apply for expedited consideration for U.S. citizenship, which is granted on a routine basis.
Now, however, some in Congress are looking to provide a backdoor to instant citizenship for unlawful immigrants who are brought to the U.S. as minorsalso known as DREAMers, after the Development, Relief, and Education for Alien Minors Actin the upcoming National Defense Authorization Act . Contrary to the claims of supporters, these bills would not advance U.S. national security and would only harm the U.S. immigration system.
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Army Already Enlisting ‘dreamers’ As Congress Debates Immigration
The Army has already allowed almost 50 illegal immigrants to enlist as members of Congress debate whether to allow them to seek citizenship through military service.
Since January, the Army has accepted into the ranks 46 so-called “Dreamers,” or people who have immigrated to the U.S. as children and qualify for President Obama’s Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals program, according to retired Army Lt. Col. Margaret Stock.
And there are thousands more waiting to enlist, she said.
Stock helped create a program that allows highly skilled legal immigrants to enlist in the military as a fast-track to citizenship.
The Army this year expanded that program from 1,500 enlistees per year to 3,000 per year, Stock said in an interview with The Hill on Wednesday.
Though she said the expansion was in order to meet recruitment goals, it also allowed for those first Dreamers to enlist, because there was already a backlog of thousands of applicants.
“Otherwise none of them would have been able to sign contracts because there were no spaces left,” Stock said.
The program will expand to 5,000 enlistees per year in October, she added.
The Defense Department ordered the Army to begin accepting illegal immigrants who qualify for DACA into the program last year, but that effort stalled because the program was not created to accept people without legal papers.
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Hr 6 Also Includes Several Provisions That Are Not Included In S 264 The Bill:
- Repeals the 1996 law which penalizes states that grant in-state tuition to undocumented students on the basis of residency and allows Dreamers to access federal financial aid.
- Allows eligible Dreamers deported under the Trump administration to apply for relief from outside the country.
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The Pentagon Plans To Allow A Group Of Young Undocumented Immigrants Who Grew Up In The United States To Enlist In The Military But Some
The Pentagon could soon make policy changes to allow a small group of Dreamers who are benefiting from the Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals program to enlist in the U.S. military.
The Pentagon plans to allow a group of young undocumented immigrants who grew up in the United States to enlist in the military, but some supporters say the new policy would only benefit a small number of undocumented youth.
Cesar Vargas, a leader of a coalition of Dreamers who want to serve in the military, said he is pressing officials from the Department of Defense to expand the number of Dreamers who qualify to serve under the new proposal.